46 terms

Progressive Reforms

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Progressives
People in the late 1800s and early 1900s that pushed for reforms in government and business to improve the lives of Americans.
Political Machine
Powerful organizations linked to political parties.
Patronage
Rewarding political supporters with jobs and favors.
Civil Service
The body of nonelected government workers.
Trust
Combination of companies.
Muckraker
Investigation reporters who brought problems to the attention of the public.
Primary
An election in which voters chosse their candidate.
Initiative
Citizens place a measure or an issue on the ballot for a election.
Referendum
Voters accept or reject measure that have been enacted by the legislatere.
Recall
Voters remove unsatisfactory elected officials from their jobs.
Kickback
An arrangement in which contractors padded the amount of their bill for city work and paid, or "kicked back" a percentage of that amount to the political bosses.
Suffragist
a person who fought for womens right to vote.
Prohibition
Laws that prohibit the making or selling of alcohol.
trustbusters
A name given to President Roosevelt after he broke up many trusts.
Arbitration
Settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider
Square deal
The promise by Rossevelt for fair and equal treatment for all.
Laissez-faire
A French term for "let people do as thye choose".
Conservation
The protection and preservation of natural resorces.
Discrimination
Unequal treatment due to race, religion, ethnic background, or place of birth.
Barrio
A mexican neighborhood.
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."
Clayton Aantitrust Act of 1914
Lenghtened thw Sherman Antitrust Acts list of practices that were objectable, exempted labor unions from being called trusts, and legalized stikes andn peaceful picketing by labor unions.
Eighteenth Amendment
Amendment forbids the sale and manufacture of liquor and made it illegal in 1919.
Federal Trade Commission
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy.
Gentlemens Agreement
the agreement which theodore roosevelt helped negotiate which hellped end the Russo Japanese war
Hispanic American alliance
organization formed to protect and fight for the rights of Spanish Americans
Ida B. Wellls
African Americans journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusion to ride streetcards or shop in white owned stores.
Interestate Comerence Act
1887 law passed to regulate railroad and other interstate buisnesses.
Jane Addams
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
monopolies
Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
New Freedom Program
1912 Wilson/Democrats progessive platform: stronger antitrust legislation, banking reform, tariff reductions
Nineteenth Amendment
granted women the right to vote in 1920
Pure food and drug act
a 1906 law that requires food and drug makers to list ingredients on packages
Seventeenth Amendment
1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
Sixteenth Amendment
(WW) , The constitutional amendment adopted in 1913 that explicitly permitted Congress to levy an income tax.
socialist
Person who believes industries should be publicly owned and run by the government rather than by private individuals
Square deal
Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
Susan B Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
Temperance Crusade
Many people, mostly women and also factory workers, wanted to get rid of alcohol because they thought it caused many problems. Many progressices involved in politics wanted to get rid of it as well because they saw saloons as the workplace of the urban machines. In the 1870s the movement experiences a resurgence.
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States
trust
a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal agreement, specially to reduce competition.
Upton Sinclair
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
W.E.B. Du Bois
fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP
William Howard Traft
27th president of the u.s: he angered progressive by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Paune- Aldrich Tarrif.
Woodrow Wilson
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize