Atlantic Slave Trade & the Columbian Exchange

Chapter 4 sec 3 and 4
Joint stock companies
Is very similar to today's corporations
is an economic system based on PRIVATE ownership of property and the investment of wealth to earn profit
Colonization (creating colonies)
was the purpose of why most joint stock companies were founded during the 1500s and 1600s
Columbian Exchange
tobacco and tomatoes were carried EAST across the ATLANTIC OCEAN for the first time
Ideas of Mercantilism
A favorable balance of trade results when the value of the goods sold by a country EXCEEDS the value of the goods bought by that country
Columbian Exchange
Corn and potatoes were carried EAST across the ATLANTIC OCEAN for the first
New business and trade practices in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries took place AFTER the establishment of colonial empires in the Americas
Why did the African slaves increase dramatically in the 17th Century
Islam spread across Africa: and Muslims bought and sold non-Muslims prisoners of war as slaves
The difference between slavery in African and Muslim societies and the Americas
In most African and Muslim societies slaves had legal rights, greater opportunities for social mobility, could occupy positions of power and authority and slaves could escape slavery a number of legal ways. All this was not available to the slaves in the Americas
Reason why Africans made great slaves
Many Africans had built up immunity to some European diseases, many were used for farming,skin tone set them a part and had little chance of successful escape so they were unlikely to try
Nations, continents, or regions that were essential part of the triangular trade network
North America, New England, Northern colonies, or Southern colonies; West Indies or Caribbean Islands; England or Europe; Africa or Asia
Goods that were essential to the triangular trade network
Sugar, coffee, tobacco, slaves, rum, molasses, furs, gold, firearms, guns, cotton
The starting point and ending points of the middle passage
Starting point: Africa (west coast of Africa); Ending points West Indies, North America, South America