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43 terms

Computer Vocab

STUDY
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access
to get at or into
application
a computer program job that does a user-oriented job
calculate
to figure as to add, subtract or multiply
character
a single letter, digit, or symbol
chip
an integrated circut. A thin piece of siliconthat contains all the componentsof an elctronic circut
command
a message from the user to the computer that tells it what to do next
compatible
a term that describes hardware and software that can work together
computer
a device used to accept, process, store, and get information
cursor
a symbol such as a square or underlined bar that shows you where you are on the screen
data
the symbols used to represent facts, events, or things
data processing
a set of methods used for collecting , handling, and outputting data to reach certain goals
disk
a flat, circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material used for storing data
disk drive
device used to store data on a disk and to read what is stored on a disk
expansion slot
a connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circut to the motherboard
floppy disk
a reusable magnetic storage medium that uses a thin mylar circular disk as the storage surface
hard copy
output that is printed on paper
hardware
the physical parts that make up a computer system, like keyboards, printers
information
a set of data that has a meaning and is useful
input
the data that is entered into a computer, the act of entering into a computer
integrated circut
a complete circut on a chip, built by a chip fabrication process
keyboard
a computer input device that uses a set of keys to put data into a computer
kilobyte
storage units (1,024 bytes)
load
to put a program into a computer's primary memory from a disk or a tape
megahertz
a measure of speed, one million cycles per second
memory
a place to store information; usually coded in a binary format; see RAM, ROM
menu
a list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command or data to enter onto a computer
microcomputer
a complete computer that has relatavely few electronic parts and peripheral devices
monitor
a video display device or screen used for showing output
motherboard
the main circutboard of a computer housing the microprocessor and providing the means of connecting all the components that make up a computer
mouse
a computer input device used as a pointing and darawing instrument by selecting specific postitions on the monitor
output
the computer the computer generated information that is displayed to the user in some discernible form such as a screen display, printed page, or sound
peripheral device
a device that is attached to the computer and aids in input and/or output..
primary memory
the section of a computer that holds instructions, data, and intermediate and final results during processing; also known as internal storage
printer
a machine that prints characters or other images on paper
processing
the second step of the data processing flow in which the computer acts on data
program
a set of step by step instructions that tella computer exactly how to doa certain task
programming language
a code in which a computer program is written
Random Access Memory
form of primary memory in which instructions and data can be read, written, or erased
read
term used to describe the computer's activity of getting an item in memory or interpreting it
Read Only Memory
form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input
scanner
a machine that changes images on paperor photos into a digital form that the computer can use.
secondary storage
all storage materials other than primary memory
simulation
a computer program that imitates a real world situation; it shows what happens