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Pysch Pgs 151 - 165
Terms in this set (23)
An organized whole; _______ psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes.
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground).
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups.
The ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional; allows us to judge distance.
A laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals.
Depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, the brain computes distance - the greater the disparity (distance) between the two images, the closer the object.
Depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone.
An illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession.
Perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change.
Perceiving familiar objects as having consistent color, even if changing illumination alters the wavelengths reflected by the object.
In vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.
A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another.
Grouping nearby figures together. Think of line example - we see three sets of two lines, not six separate lines.
We group similar figures together. Think of the circle and triangle example - we see them as vertical lines of similar shapes, not horizontal rows of different shapes.
We perceive smooth, continuous patterns rather than discontinuous ones. Think of the wave example - it could be ongoing semi-circles, but we perceive it as two continuous lines.
Uniformed and linked. Think of the connected dots example - we perceive each set of two dots and the line between them as a single unit.
We fill in the gaps to create a complete, whole object. Think of the circles blocked by the illusory triangle example - once you close of the circles, the brain stops constructing a triangle.
Eleanor Gibson and Richard Walk
Discovered depth perception in 1960 by using a miniature cliff with a drop-off covered by sturdy glass.
In human infants, depth perception grows with
With depth cues
How do we transform two differing two-dimensional retinal images into a single three-dimensional perception?
What is important when judging the distance of nearby objects?
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