Strayer Chapter 15
Terms in this set (14)
A religious movement begun by Martin Luther in 1517 that attempted to reform the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; it resulted in the formation of new Christian denominations
An internal reform of the Catholic Church occurred in response to the Protestant Reformation and to the accusations of Luther in the sixteenth century (Council of Trent). Catholic leaders clarified doctrine, corrected abuses and corruption, and put a new emphasis on education and accountability.
Literally, "dancing sickness"; a religious revival moment in central Peru in the 1560's whose members preached the imminent destruction of Christianity and of the Europeans in favor of a renewed Andean golden age.
Ursula de Jesus
an African-Peruvian who became a Roman Catholic donada (denied being a nun due to her race) after being released from slavery at Santa Clara in Lima; notable for her mystical visions and her claims of communicating with the souls of those who died and went to purgatory
Jesuits in China
Series of Jesuit missionaries in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, who, inspired by the work of Matteo Ricci, made extraordinary efforts to understand and become a part of Chinese culture in their efforts to convert the Chinese elite, although with limited success.
Major Islamic movement led by the theologian Abd al Wahhab (1703-1792) that advocated an ascetic lifestyle and strict adherence to the sharia
Literally, "research based on evidence"; Chinese intellectual movement whose practitioners emphasized the importance of evidence and analysis, applied especially to historical documents
(1498-1557) a Bhakti/Hindu mystic poet who moved to a lower caste after the death of her husband, worked to break down the caste system
monotheistic religion founded in India by Guru Nanak, has elements of both Hinduism and Islam
(1473-1543) Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a scientifically based heliocentric cosmology that displaced the earth from the center of the universe, considered the first breakthrough of the scientific revolution
(1642-1727) An English natural philosopher who studied at Cambridge and eventually developed the laws of movement found among the bodies of Earth. Spent his life dedicated to the study of mathematics (created calculus) and optics. Published Principia Mathematica and discovered the law of universal gravitation.
European intellectual movement of the eighteenth century that applied the lessons of the Scientific Revolution to human affairs and was noted for its commitment to open-mindedness and inquiry and the belief that knowledge could transform human society.
(1694-1778) French philosopher who is often referred to as the epitome of the Enlightenment, believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government, spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church
Condorcet and the idea of progress
(1743-1794) French philosopher and political scientist who argued that human affairs were moving into an era of near-infinite ability to be improved, with slavery, racism, tyranny, etc. being fought with reason