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Exam 2 - Quizes 4-8
Terms in this set (88)
What are the characteristics of a presidential system?
Executives only leave office if
1) their term is over
2) they are impeached;
Executive power is separate from legislative power;
Executives and legislatures are selected in separate elections
What are the characteristics of a parliamentary system?
Legislators are elected and then the legislators choose the executive; the legislation can remove the executive through a vote of no confidence; executive and legislative powers are fused
In the previous parliamentary election, Party A received 55% of the seats and Party B received 45% of the seats. Which party is most likely to choose the prime minister?
In the previous parliamentary election, Party A received 40% of the seats, Party B received 35% of the seats, and Party C received 25% of the seats. Which party is most likely to choose the prime minister?
Two or three of the parties must form a coalition government
Generally speaking, what happens when a parliament passes a no confidence vote?
The PM steps down; the entire legislature dissolves; new elections are held
Which of the following US Presidents had the highest number of vetoes in office?
Which of the following US Presidents had the most vetoes overridden by Congress?
Truman and Ford
Which party currently controls the executive in the United Kingdom?
The Conservative and Liberal Democratic Parties
If a British prime minister proposes an unpopular bill, what should s/he expect members of his/her cabinet to do?
Publicly support the bill
If the opposition party in the British House of Commons does not agree with a bill the prime minister is supporting, what powers do they have to oppose the bill?
They can schedule a debate on an opposition day
How were House of Lords members in the United Kingdom traditionally chosen?
If the House of Lords opposes a bill passed by the House of Commons, what powers does the House of Lords have to oppose the bill?
The House of Lords can suggest revisions
How are committees in the British House of Commons different than committees in the US Congress?
Committees in the House of Commons expedite the passage of bills, while committees in Congress slow the passage of bills down
Who holds judicial authority in the UK?
In what way is Germany's constructive vote of no confidence different from a normal vote of no confidence?
If legislators vote for no confidence in the government, they also have to propose a new prime minister (or chancellor) at the same time.
Which type of executive-legislative system does France have?
Parliamentary and Presidential
What are two examples of direct lobbying?
Encouraging a legislator to support a bill & encouraging a legislator to advocate a behalf of the bill
What is an example of grass roots lobbying?
Using facebook to encourage votes to support a bill
Donations made to the candidates themselves
Money spent on the behalf of the candidates but not given to them directly
What is the term for a situation where a group of interest groups combines their contributions and donates the combined contributions to a candidate?
What are the characteristics of interest group pluralism?
Interest groups work outside the government; interest groups pursue strategies independently of each other and compete with one another
What are the characteristics of democratic corporatism?
Interest groups work together to pursue similar strategies; interest groups work within the government
Membership Organization, defined
Interest groups have official members
Non-Membership Organization, defined
Interest group that possess a formal organization structure but does not have official members
Anomic Interest Groups, defined
Spontaneously formed interest group that is short lived
Non-Associational Groups, defined
A loosely organized interest group where members may not even know each other
True or False-- In many European democracies, votes have to apply to be members of parties
How many electorally viable parties are there in Switzerland
Democracies that have 2 parties generally favor ____
Democracies that have multiple parties generally favor ____
Democracies where parties agree on common democratic values and the peaceful resolution of conflicts are known as _____
Democracies where parties have sharp ideological differences about their country's basic system of government and economy are known as _____
In the British House of Commons, how many times does the whip underline a bill's name to illustrate that party members must vote with the party on the bill?
Three candidates are running in a single member district, plurality rule election. Candidate A receives 40% of the votes. Candidate B receives 35% of the vote. Candidate C receives 25% of the vote. Which candidate wins?
Sociological Voting Rule
Voters vote based on how other members of their social groups vote
Retrospective Voting Rule
Voters vote based on the past actions of candidates
Prospective Voting Rule
Voters vote based on what they expect candidates to do in office
In a proportional representation election, Party A received 30% of the vote. If there are 100 seats in the legislature, how many seats did they win?
Single member district, plurality rule elections tend to produce ____ parties
Proportional representation elections tend to produce ____ parties
When did the number of democracies in the world begin to outnumber the number of dictatorships?
Between the 1980s and the 1990s
What are the characteristics of a theocracy?
Religious leaders monopolize power;
Only one religion is allowed;
There is no separation between church and state
True or False-- High Poverty Rates are more likely in a dictatorship than a democracy
Which parts of the world are still plagued by authoritarian regimes?
Asia and Africa
Came to power in China after a guerrilla war against the Japanese and the Chinese Nationalist government. Directly and indirectly ruled China from 1949 to 1976.
Took a pragmatic approach to economic policy in China. Opened up trade relations with the US. Indirectly ruled China from 1976 to 1997.
Current President of China
What is the term for a situation where a dictator eliminates all his rivals through mass arrests, imprisonment, exile, and murder?
According to Morgenthau, which type of power is the most important type of power to obtain in the international system?
True or False -- According to political realists, alliances are long term and stable.
Prior to World War I, which country kept the balance of power amongst nations in Europe?
Which of the following factors lead to the end of the multi polar system in Europe?
New instruments of warfare were developed;
The creation of large standing armies;
Rigidity of alliances in Europe
Balance of Power System, defined
Theory that suggests that nations of equal strength will seek to maintain the status quo by preventing any one nation from gaining superiority over the others
Great Powers, defined
Prior to WWII, states in Europe who were big enough to either challenge the status quo distribution of power or lead a coalition to defend the status quo
Term used during the Cold War that applied to the United States and the Soviet Union
The term used to describe the distribution of power in the world after WWII, where there were two power blocs in the world
Theory in international relations that states that there was only one superpower in the world after the Cold War.
Policy followed by the US after WWII. The US attempted to prevent the Soviets from extending their influence in Europe.
The theory that war can be prevented if states build up enough military power to inflict severe punishment on potential aggressors.
Alliance between the former Soviet Union and its satellite states.
Military alliance between the United States and western friendly countries
19th century US policy that stated that the US would resist attempts by outside powers to alter the balance of power in the American hemisphere.
US's support to free people threatened by revolution by an internal armed minority or outside aggressor.
Post WWII program of massive assistance to Western Europe
Asserts the rights of the US government to pre-emptively prevent hostile acts against the US.
An armed conflict between two states
A war within a state between different geographical sections of rival groups
A war where loosely organized military forces carry out acts of terrorism and sabotage primarily against government officials
One country sponsors a group in another country to carry out sporadic Attacks on a small scale
Individuals within the state believe their national identity is superior to others. These individuals seek to spread their ideas and institutions to other nations, even if it men's forcing other states to adopt those believes through force
Individual countries build up their military forces, which leads other countries to build up their own forces for defensive purposes. Eventually this build up of military force leads to war.
At the end of the 19th century, there were no longer any free territories in the world to claim. As such, states started fighting each other to gain more territory
Reasons Of State
The belief that national self interest supersedes moral considerations for wars. As such, states are willing to go to war for national self interest regardless of the human cost
Wars caused by competitive instinct
Wars caused by fear
Wars caused by pride and vanity
Wilson saw ____ as the cause of war
Lenin saw ____ as the cause of was
Locke saw ____ as the cause of war
What is the paradox of the democratic peace predict?
Democracies tend not to war other democracies
Country A seeks total victory in the war and will stop at nothing to achieve it. Country A expects its enemies to surrender unconditionally
War by Misperception
Country A is fighting Country B. Country C is next to B and is staying neutral. While attaching B, A mistakenly drops a bomb justice inside C's border with B. C believes A wants to go to war with them so C declares on A.
A war between Countries A and B starts small, but A and B become more aggressive over time and they end up in a nuclear war
Countries A and B go to war. A's allies join and B's allies join. As a result, the war becomes a world war.
Crimes against Peace
A country launches an aggressive war that violates international treatiwa
A country tortures and abuses prisoners of war
Crimes against humaoty
A country persecuted and murders a large number of civilians
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