44 terms

Comm 101 Test 1 BSU

STUDY
PLAY
Communication
Is a systemic process in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meaning.
Content level of meaning
Contains the literal message
Critical thinking
Examine ideas carefully to decide what to believe, think and do in particular siuations. thoughtfully, considers evidence, alternative conclusions and actions.
Interpersonal communication
Communication between two or more people
Intrapersonal communication
communication with oneself
Process
It is ongoing and always in motion, moving forward and changing continually.
Symbol
all language and many nonverbal behaviors, as well as art music. Anything that abstractly signifies something else can be a symbol.
Culture
Beliefs, values,understanding, practices shared by a number of people. guide how we prceive, think feel and act.
Attributions
Explanations of why things happen and why people act as they do.
Meaning
the heart of communication. the significance we attach to words, actions, people, objects and events.
Interpretation
the subjective process of explaining perceptions to assign meaning to them.
Personal construct
mental yardsticks that allow us to position people and situations along bipolar demensions of judgement.
Stereotype
A predictive generalization about people and situations.
Ego boundaries
An individual's perception of where he or she stops and the rest of the world begins.
Particular others
the viewpoints of specific peole who are significant to us. (Mother, fathers, teachers)
Identity script
rules of how we are suppossed to live and who we are supposed to be.
Perspective of the generalized other
how we see ourselves the collection of rules, roles, and attitudes endored by the whole social community in which we live.
Critical listening
we listen to form opinions, to make judgments, or to evaluate people and ideas. to analyze and evaluate information.
Hearing
the phyiological activity the occurs when sound waves hit our eardrums.
Listening
active, complex process that includes being mindful, physically receiving messages, selecting and organizing information, interpreting communication, responding and remembering.
Literal listening
Listening only to the content level of meaning and ignoring the relationship level of meaning.
relational listening
focuses on listening to understand how the other person feels is important in maintaing a relationship
selective listening
a listening style in which the receiver responds only to messages that interest him or her.
pseudolistening
pretending to listen
Literal listening/ relational listening/ selective listening/ pseudolistening
Forms of nonlistening
Abstract
symbols that are not concrete or tangible. Ideas, people, events, objects, feelings. (not the things they represent)
Ambiguous
symbols that are not fixed in an absolute way. words vary based on the values and experiences of those who use them.
Arbitrary
symbols that are not intrinsically connected to what they represent. (book has no natural connection to what you are reading now)
Communication/ constitutive/ regulative rules
Principles of Verbal Communication: Regulative rules regulate when, where, how, and with whom we communicate. An example of this would be that Americans in informal conversations might interrupt others talking. We learn what situations are ok for us to do this through regulative rules. Constitutive rules give meaning to specific kinds of communication. I know that someone smiling at me is a sign of friendliness through constitutive rules.
Dual perspective
The ability to understand both your own and another's perspective, beliefs, thoughts, and feelings.
Artifacts
personal objects awith which we announce our identities and personalize our environment. we craft our image-how we dress, the jewlry we wear and object we carry an use.
Chronemics
how we perceive and use time to define idenities and interaction.
Haptics
the study of the communicative function of touch
Kinesics
the study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions
Paralanguage
vocal communication that does not involve words. such as giggling, groaning, or sighing, as well as voice qualities such as pitch and tempo
Proxemics
The interpretation of a person's use of space and distance.distances between individuals in different cultures and situation-norms for using space.
Nonverbal communication
all aspects of communication other than words themselves.
Assimilation
when people give up their own ways and adopt into the dominant culture.
Diffusion
borrowing from another culture
Ethnocentrism
the use of one's own culture and its practices as the standard for interpreting the values beliefs, norms and communication of other cultures.
High-context communication style
indirect and undetailed communication, typically seen in collectivist cultures
Low-context communication style
Language that is very explicit, detailed, and precise; generally used in individualistic cultures
Resistance
occurs when we attack the cultural practices of others or proelaim that your own cultural traditions are superior.
Tolerance
second responce to diversity. the acceptance of differences even though we may not approve of or even understand them.