symbols that are not concrete or tangible. Ideas, people, events, objects, feelings. (not the things they represent)
symbols that are not fixed in an absolute way. words vary based on the values and experiences of those who use them.
symbols that are not intrinsically connected to what they represent. (book has no natural connection to what you are reading now)
Communication/ constitutive/ regulative rules
Principles of Verbal Communication: Regulative rules regulate when, where, how, and with whom we communicate. An example of this would be that Americans in informal conversations might interrupt others talking. We learn what situations are ok for us to do this through regulative rules. Constitutive rules give meaning to specific kinds of communication. I know that someone smiling at me is a sign of friendliness through constitutive rules.
The ability to understand both your own and another's perspective, beliefs, thoughts, and feelings.
personal objects awith which we announce our identities and personalize our environment. we craft our image-how we dress, the jewlry we wear and object we carry an use.
how we perceive and use time to define idenities and interaction.
the study of the communicative function of touch
the study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions
vocal communication that does not involve words. such as giggling, groaning, or sighing, as well as voice qualities such as pitch and tempo
The interpretation of a person's use of space and distance.distances between individuals in different cultures and situation-norms for using space.
all aspects of communication other than words themselves.
when people give up their own ways and adopt into the dominant culture.
borrowing from another culture
the use of one's own culture and its practices as the standard for interpreting the values beliefs, norms and communication of other cultures.
High-context communication style
indirect and undetailed communication, typically seen in collectivist cultures
Low-context communication style
Language that is very explicit, detailed, and precise; generally used in individualistic cultures
occurs when we attack the cultural practices of others or proelaim that your own cultural traditions are superior.
second responce to diversity. the acceptance of differences even though we may not approve of or even understand them.