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5 necessary aspects to language 5
1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3.Arbitrary 4.Modalities 5.Rule governed
language is a socially shared code 5
socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things and feelings
language is symbolic 5
ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols
language is modalities 5
communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension
avenues, paths, that communication can take. ie: expressive language and receptive lang.
communicative context and environment in which language occurs; see most common characteristics of disorder pg121
neutralist approach to lang. disorders5
performance on test is sig. lower than other children of same age, then there is a problem
normativist approach to lang. disorders5
values social norms and focuses on consequences of language delay or disorder of individual. considers lang. disorders to be defect in language developemnt
IDEA Act 19975
Individuals with Disabilities Edu Act. continuation of Public Law 94-142, guaranteeing students with disabilities the right to free and app. public edu. IDEA spec protects against culture discriminatory tests to determine comm. disorder
personal independence and social responsibility. without, and a low IQ score=mental deficiency
lack of oxygen to the brain. sometimes occurs during delivery and can cause mental deficiency
Pervasive developmental disorder: impairments in development of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal comm. skills, and imaginative activities. 4x more common in boys than girls. abnormalities in cognition, posture, motor behaviors, mood, and prone to self destructive behaviors.
denied attention by parents, or abused or neglected= gaps in cognitive, linguistic, and social communication development
associated with central nervous system dysfunction. Not due to mental, hearing, or vision problem
ADD and ADHD5
neurobehavioral disorder. with hyperactivity there is constant movement of body and speech
can be seen in aphasia patients. normal or high IQ: reading disorder. poor phonological awareness and reduced listening comprehention. maybe mistake b for p
can be seen in aphasia patients. motor and symbolic stages of writing. difficulty putting thoughts on paper. normal or high IQ
Five aspects to a definition of language5
1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3. artibrary 4. modalities 5. rule governed
accountability to portray people with severe language delay and disorders accurately and compassionately
study of speech structure within a language, including both the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation
smallest units of meaning,reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.
study of how individual words and their most basic meaningful units are combined to create sentences
efers to the ways in which a language conveys meaningallows us to recognize that someone who is "green with envy" has not changed hue; oves beyond the literal meaning of words and is culture-dependent,
refers to the ways the members of the speech community achieve their goals using language."onversational style of day-to-day interactions is quite different from the language used even when reading a storybook to a toddler. Knowing the difference and when to use which style is the essence of this
totality of a person's mental abilities. It includes the abilities to learn, think rationally and logically, solve problems, abstract, and interact productively and successfully with the environment.
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