63 terms


language is hard to define bc? 5
multidimensional and complex
5 necessary aspects to language 5
1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3.Arbitrary 4.Modalities 5.Rule governed
language is a socially shared code 5
socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things and feelings
language is symbolic 5
ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols
language is arbitrary 5
the symbol referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees
language is modalities 5
communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension
language is rule governed5
grammar for the form, content, and usage of language
what the symbol refers to in language
avenues, paths, that communication can take. ie: expressive language and receptive lang.
speech, writing or gestures are used to ENCODE our thoughts
DECODEing language
rules goverening the way speech sounds are organized and sequenced in language
word order and rules for organizing sentences
content of language and concerns the meaning of words (symbol-referent relationship)
reasoning and info. processing, thinking, judgement and abstraction
language thought controversy5
is language the expression of ideas or is it expression of thought?
truth of lang. thought controversy5
lang. facilitates thought, and thought facilitates language.
knowledge of rules of language: grammar, semantics, phonology, and syntax
usage of performance
communicative context and environment in which language occurs; see most common characteristics of disorder pg121
when testing children's language...age5
compare chronological and developmental age
neutralist approach to lang. disorders5
performance on test is sig. lower than other children of same age, then there is a problem
normativist approach to lang. disorders5
values social norms and focuses on consequences of language delay or disorder of individual. considers lang. disorders to be defect in language developemnt
IDEA Act 19975
Individuals with Disabilities Edu Act. continuation of Public Law 94-142, guaranteeing students with disabilities the right to free and app. public edu. IDEA spec protects against culture discriminatory tests to determine comm. disorder
babies combining vowels
consonant-vowel syllables
phonetic duplication5
9 and 18months, single word utterances, typically Mamma or Dadda
intelligence quotient- intelligence plays a role in both normal and abnormal language
extent to which test does what it is suppose to do
dependability of test.consistency of scores over repeated tests
adaptive behaviors5
personal independence and social responsibility. without, and a low IQ score=mental deficiency
lack of oxygen to the brain. sometimes occurs during delivery and can cause mental deficiency
Pervasive developmental disorder: impairments in development of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal comm. skills, and imaginative activities. 4x more common in boys than girls. abnormalities in cognition, posture, motor behaviors, mood, and prone to self destructive behaviors.
a PDD condition (extreme PDD). thought to be neurological or biological
repetition of what has been spoken-parroting. associated with autism
automatic continuation of a response either sensory or motor
Environmental deprivation5
denied attention by parents, or abused or neglected= gaps in cognitive, linguistic, and social communication development
unique language, unidentifiable - found when deprived of verbal interaction
learning disabilities5
associated with central nervous system dysfunction. Not due to mental, hearing, or vision problem
neurobehavioral disorder. with hyperactivity there is constant movement of body and speech
metacognitive deficits5
ADHD: problem thinking about thinking
can be seen in aphasia patients. normal or high IQ: reading disorder. poor phonological awareness and reduced listening comprehention. maybe mistake b for p
can be seen in aphasia patients. motor and symbolic stages of writing. difficulty putting thoughts on paper. normal or high IQ
Forrest Gump, Of Mice and Men, and Sling Blade 5
mental dificiency
Rain Man and Nell5
autism and idioglossia
Five aspects to a definition of language5
1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3. artibrary 4. modalities 5. rule governed
socialy shared code5
Socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things, and feelings
Ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols.
symbol-referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees.
Communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension
Rule governed5
Grammar for the form, content, and usage of language.
Authors accountability5
accountability to portray people with severe language delay and disorders accurately and compassionately
5 componets of language5
1.Phonology 2) Morphology3) Syntax4) Semantics5) Pragmatics
study of speech structure within a language, including both the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation
smallest units of meaning,reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.
study of how individual words and their most basic meaningful units are combined to create sentences
efers to the ways in which a language conveys meaningallows us to recognize that someone who is "green with envy" has not changed hue; oves beyond the literal meaning of words and is culture-dependent,
refers to the ways the members of the speech community achieve their goals using language."onversational style of day-to-day interactions is quite different from the language used even when reading a storybook to a toddler. Knowing the difference and when to use which style is the essence of this
est units of sound that make up a language
by the time children are 7 or 8 years old5
most of their language structures are established
totality of a person's mental abilities. It includes the abilities to learn, think rationally and logically, solve problems, abstract, and interact productively and successfully with the environment.
measures intelligence 5
ratio in which a person's mental age is divided by their chronological age
with out speech. inability to phonate and articulate