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language is hard to define bc? 5

multidimensional and complex

5 necessary aspects to language 5

1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3.Arbitrary 4.Modalities 5.Rule governed

language is a socially shared code 5

socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things and feelings

language is symbolic 5

ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols

language is arbitrary 5

the symbol referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees

language is modalities 5

communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension

language is rule governed5

grammar for the form, content, and usage of language


what the symbol refers to in language


avenues, paths, that communication can take. ie: expressive language and receptive lang.


speech, writing or gestures are used to ENCODE our thoughts


DECODEing language


rules goverening the way speech sounds are organized and sequenced in language


word order and rules for organizing sentences


content of language and concerns the meaning of words (symbol-referent relationship)


reasoning and info. processing, thinking, judgement and abstraction

language thought controversy5

is language the expression of ideas or is it expression of thought?

truth of lang. thought controversy5

lang. facilitates thought, and thought facilitates language.


knowledge of rules of language: grammar, semantics, phonology, and syntax


usage of performance


communicative context and environment in which language occurs; see most common characteristics of disorder pg121

when testing children's language...age5

compare chronological and developmental age

neutralist approach to lang. disorders5

performance on test is sig. lower than other children of same age, then there is a problem

normativist approach to lang. disorders5

values social norms and focuses on consequences of language delay or disorder of individual. considers lang. disorders to be defect in language developemnt

IDEA Act 19975

Individuals with Disabilities Edu Act. continuation of Public Law 94-142, guaranteeing students with disabilities the right to free and app. public edu. IDEA spec protects against culture discriminatory tests to determine comm. disorder


babies combining vowels


consonant-vowel syllables

phonetic duplication5

9 and 18months, single word utterances, typically Mamma or Dadda


intelligence quotient- intelligence plays a role in both normal and abnormal language


extent to which test does what it is suppose to do


dependability of test.consistency of scores over repeated tests

adaptive behaviors5

personal independence and social responsibility. without, and a low IQ score=mental deficiency


lack of oxygen to the brain. sometimes occurs during delivery and can cause mental deficiency


Pervasive developmental disorder: impairments in development of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal comm. skills, and imaginative activities. 4x more common in boys than girls. abnormalities in cognition, posture, motor behaviors, mood, and prone to self destructive behaviors.


a PDD condition (extreme PDD). thought to be neurological or biological


repetition of what has been spoken-parroting. associated with autism


automatic continuation of a response either sensory or motor

Environmental deprivation5

denied attention by parents, or abused or neglected= gaps in cognitive, linguistic, and social communication development


unique language, unidentifiable - found when deprived of verbal interaction

learning disabilities5

associated with central nervous system dysfunction. Not due to mental, hearing, or vision problem


neurobehavioral disorder. with hyperactivity there is constant movement of body and speech

metacognitive deficits5

ADHD: problem thinking about thinking


can be seen in aphasia patients. normal or high IQ: reading disorder. poor phonological awareness and reduced listening comprehention. maybe mistake b for p


can be seen in aphasia patients. motor and symbolic stages of writing. difficulty putting thoughts on paper. normal or high IQ

Forrest Gump, Of Mice and Men, and Sling Blade 5

mental dificiency

Rain Man and Nell5

autism and idioglossia

Five aspects to a definition of language5

1. socially shared code 2. symbolic 3. artibrary 4. modalities 5. rule governed

socialy shared code5

Socially accepted system for representing ideas, events, things, and feelings


Ideas, events, things, and feelings represented by a symbol or series of symbols.


symbol-referent relationship on which language society randomly agrees.


Communication through speech, writing, reading, gestures, and auditory comprehension

Rule governed5

Grammar for the form, content, and usage of language.

Authors accountability5

accountability to portray people with severe language delay and disorders accurately and compassionately

5 componets of language5

1.Phonology 2) Morphology3) Syntax4) Semantics5) Pragmatics


study of speech structure within a language, including both the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation


smallest units of meaning,reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.


study of how individual words and their most basic meaningful units are combined to create sentences


efers to the ways in which a language conveys meaningallows us to recognize that someone who is "green with envy" has not changed hue; oves beyond the literal meaning of words and is culture-dependent,


refers to the ways the members of the speech community achieve their goals using language."onversational style of day-to-day interactions is quite different from the language used even when reading a storybook to a toddler. Knowing the difference and when to use which style is the essence of this


est units of sound that make up a language

by the time children are 7 or 8 years old5

most of their language structures are established


totality of a person's mental abilities. It includes the abilities to learn, think rationally and logically, solve problems, abstract, and interact productively and successfully with the environment.

measures intelligence 5

ratio in which a person's mental age is divided by their chronological age


with out speech. inability to phonate and articulate

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