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vocabulary terms

genetic engineering

the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes

Recombinant DNA

DNA made from 2 or more differnet organisms

Restriction Enzyme

any of the enzymes that cut nucleic acid at specific restriction sites and produce restriction fragments


agent that is used to carry the gene of intrest into another cell


a circular DNA molecule that is usually found in bacteria and that can replicate independent of the main chromosome

Gene cloning

many copies of the gene of intrest are made each time the host cell reproduces


techniques that uses an electric field with in a gel to seperate molecules by there size


radioactive or fluroescent labeled RNA or single stranded DNA pieces that are complementary to the gene of intrest

Human Genome Project

research project that linked over 20 scientific labortories in 6 countries


solution containing all or part of the virus

DNA Fingerprint

pattern of dark bands on a photographic film that is made when an individual's DNA restrictions fragments are seperated by electrophoresis, probed, and then exposed to an xray film

Transgenic Animals

Animals with forgien DNA in their cells

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