25 terms

AP Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Alliteration
repetition of sounds in words
Allusion
a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature
Anaphora
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.
Antithesis
natural opposites in writing
Aphorism
a concise statement that expresses a general truth or idea (EX: Lost time is never found)
Apostrophe
figure of speech which one directly addresses an absent person, thing
Chiasmus
the reversal of grammatical structure or words in order to make a larger point
Diction
word choice
Ellipses
omission of a word or phrase (EX: Nice people prefer cats; other dogs)
Euphemism
a nice version of a word or phrase
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Dramatic Irony
the reader knows something that some or all characters do not know about
Situational Irony
different than what was expected
Verbal Irony
the contrast between what is said and what is meant
Litotes
consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite
Memoir
autobiography but not entire life
Metaphor
a comparison not using like or as
Motif
repetition of a idea, word/phrase, symbol, structure throughout a piece
Oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines contradictory terms
Paradox
seemingly true
Parallelism
words corresponding or in parallel (EX: I like to run, to walk, and to swim)
Personification
giving human-like qualities to non-human objects
Rhetorical question
formed as a question but not requiring a answer
Simile
comparison using like or as
Tone
how the author feels in their writing