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120 terms

TM Grammar 1 Vocabulary

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Intransitive verb
does not transfer the action of the subject to a word in the predicate
linking verb
links the subject with the predicate
proper noun
names a specific person place or thing that begins with a capital letter
a, the, an
commonly used articles
abstract
noun that names a feeling, quality, or idea
Action verb
shows action
action verb
tells what action a person or thing is performing
adjective
used to describe a noun or a pronoun
adjective
clause modifies a noun or pronoun
adjective
describes or modifies a noun or pronoun
adjective questions
what kind, which one, how much, how many
adjectives, adverbs, verbs
parts of speech that adverbs modify
adverb
clause modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb
adverb
part of speech never is a complement
adverb questions
when, where, how, to what degree
antecedent
the noun (or group of words acting as a noun) for which a pronoun stands
antecedent
The ___ is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to.
antecedent
The gender of a pronoun must be the same as the gender of its ___.
appositive
phrase that identifies or gives more information about the subject
article
most commonly used adjectives
chronological
pattern used for a narrative essay
clause
group of words with a subject and a predicate
collective noun
names a group of individual people or things
common noun
used often and is usually not capitalized
common noun
names any one of a class of people, places, or things
compound noun
made up of two or more words
compound nouns
Mother-in-law, skyscraper, Eiffel Tower: two or more words put together
compare/contrast
pattern used for an essay about the beliefs of one program versus the beliefs of another
complement
word or group of words that completes the meaning of a verb
compound adjective
made up of more than one word
Concrete noun
can be perceived by any one of the senses
conjunction
links words or groups of words
definite article
the (it refers to a specific person, place, or thing)
demonstrative pronoun
THAT book is the best book I have ever read!
demonstrative pronoun
points out a specific person, place, or thing
demonstrative pronoun
The ___ points out a person place, thing, or idea.
dependent clause, subordinate
has a subject and predicate, but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence
direct object
A/An ___ is a noun or pronoun that names the receiver of an action.
direct object
receives the action of the verb
direct object
sentence with an indirect object has a...
direct object questions
what, whom
four
Every verb has ___ basic forms called its principal parts: the present, the present participle, the past, and the past participle.
future tense
The ___ conveys actions and conditions that are yet to come.
gerund
ends in -ing and is used as a noun
helping verb
that helps the main verb express action or a state of being
helping verb
added before another verb to make a verb phrase
indefinite article
a and an (refer to any one of a class of people, places, or things)
indefinite pronoun
pronoun that may or may not be already named
indefinite pronoun
refers to people, places, or things, often without specifying which ones
indefinite pronoun
A/An ___does not refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
indefinite pronouns
Some ___ can be singular or plural.
indefinite pronouns
Some ___are always singular, some are always plural, and some can be either singular or plural.
independent, main clause
can stand alone as a complete sentence
indirect object
A/An ___ tells to what or whom or for what or whom an action is done.
infinitive
"to" followed by the base form of a verb
intensive pronoun
emphasizes a noun or another pronoun and is not needed for the meaning of the sentence. ends in -self or -selves.
intensive pronoun
A/An ___ emphasizes a noun or another pronoun in the same sentence.
interjection
expresses strong emotion or surprise
interrogative pronoun
introduces a question
interrogative pronoun
used to begin a question (what? which? who? whom? whose?)
interrogative pronoun
A/An ___ is used to introduce a question.
intransitive (action) verb
when no receiver of the action is named in the sentence
Intransitive verb
does not transfer the action of the subject to a word in the predicate
Irregular verbs
___ are verbs whose past and past participle forms are not made by adding -ed or -d to the present.
linking verb
connects a noun or pronoun at or near the beginning of a sentence with a word at or near the end
linking verb
links the subject with the predicate
logical order
pattern of organization used for an expository essay
noun
the name of a person, place, or thing
noun
person, place, thing, idea
noun or pronoun
part of speech usually a direct object
object pronoun
A/An ___is used as a direct object, an indirect object, or an object of a preposition.
object pronouns
Use the ___ me, her, him, us, and them in a compound object
organization
trait concerned with the order in which you present your ideas
past tense
The ___ conveys actions and conditions that came to an end in the past.
person
The pronoun must agree in ______with the antecedent
personal pronouns
refer to (1) the person speaking, (2) the person spoken to, (3) the person, place, or thing spoken about
personal pronoun
names the one speaking, spoken to, or spoken about
personal pronoun
Be sure that each ___ refers clearly to only one person, place, or thing.
personal pronouns
Pronouns such as: we, I, he, them, and it are called ___.
plural antecedent
Use a plural pronoun to refer to a ___.
plural personal pronoun
Use a ___ to refer to a plural indefinite pronoun.
possessive pronoun
A/An ___ is a personal pronoun used to show ownership or relationship.
possessive pronoun
shows ownership
predicate adjective
A/An ___ is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject.
predicate noun
A/An ___ is a noun that follows a linking verb and identifies renames or defines the subject.
preposition
relates a noun or pronoun to another word
pronoun
A/An ___ is a word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun.
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun or a group of words acting as a noun
pronoun
takes the place of a noun
proper adjective
(1) a proper noun used as an adjective or (2) and adjective formed from a proper noun
proper noun
that names a specific person place or thing that begins with a capital letter
reflexive pronoun
A/An ___refers to the subject and directs the action of the verb back to the subject.
Reflexive pronoun
refers to, or reflects on, the subject of the sentence and ends in -self or -selves. necessary to the meaning of the sentence
regular verb
A/An ___ is a verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present.
relative pronoun
begins a subordinate clause and connects it to another idea in the same sentence
Relative pronoun
introduces a subordinate clause
singular antecedent
Use a singular pronoun to refer to a ___.
singular personal pronoun
Use a ___to refer to a singular indefinite pronoun.
subject pronoun
A/An ___is used as a subject in a sentence or as a predicate pronoun after linking verb.
sentence fluency
trait has to do with sentence length and varied beginnings
spatial
pattern used for an essay about the structure of a cell
subject pronouns
Use the ___ I, she, he, we, and they in a compound subject or with a predicate noun or pronoun.
tense
A/An ___ is a verb form that shows the time of an action or condition.
transitive (action) verb
when the receiver of the action is named in the sentence
Transitive verb
transfers the action of the subject to a word in the predicate
verb
A/An ___is a word used to express an action a condition or a state of being.
verb phrase
something that contains one main vern and one or more helping verbs
voice
trait concerned with the personality of the writer
Who
___ is always used as a subject or a predicate pronoun.
Whom
___ is always used as an object.
word choice
trait concerned with using specific nouns and vivid verbs
subject
the part of the sentence or clause about which something is being said.
phrase
a group of words acting as a single part of speech and not containing both a subject and a verb. It is a part of a sentence, and does not express a complete thought.
participle
The -ing and -ed forms of verbs. The -ing form is called the "present participle". The -ed form is called the "past participle"
sentence
a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
simple sentence
A sentence with one subject and one predicate. Example: The flower is red.
complex sentence
a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause
compound sentence
a sentence that has two or more independent clauses, joined by a conjunction (such as 'but', 'and') and/or punctuation (such as ',')
sentence fragment
A sentence that is missing the subject, the verb, or both.
run-on sentence
Two or more sentences in a paragraph without appropriate punctuation or connecting words.