13 terms

CH. 9.5 Wilson's New Freedom


Terms in this set (...)

Wilson grew up in a religious family in the South. He began his career as a lawyer and then became a college professor, president of THIS university.
New Freedom
As governor of New Jersey, he worked for many progressive reforms.
When he was elected president of the U.S. he pushed for a reform called THIS.
Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914
Under Wilson, Congress passed two measures.
The first was THIS ACT of 1914. This law had several important effects. (1) made it difficult for monopolies to form.
(2) said that people who ran companies could be held personally responsible if the company violated the law.
(3) ruled that farm organization and labor unions were not themselves to be considered trusts. This made strikes, peaceful picketing, and boycotts legal.
Federal Trade Act if 1914
The second antitrust measure was THIS Act of 1914, which set up the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). This agency had the power to investigate business for government.
Underwood Tariff of 1913
Wilson also worked to lower tariffs. He believed that high tariffs encouraged monopolies. By raising the cost of imported goods, they cut competition against American goods. He supported THIS of 1913, which lowered tariffs for the first time since the Civil War.
16th Amendment
With less money coming in from tariffs, however, the government needed another source of money.
An income tax on people's earnings was created by THIS Amendment to the Constitution, which was ratified by the states in 1913.
Federal reserve System
After reforming tariffs, Wilson turned his attention to the banking system. It was difficult for people far from banking centers to obtain credit.THIS was created by Wilson in 1913 that controls the U.S. money supply and availability of credit.
Carrie Chapman Catt
SHE succeeded Susan B. Anthony as president of NAWSA. SHE believed in continuing the cautious tactics of the past.
She led the campaign for women's suffrage during Wilson's administration.
Lucy Burns
and Alice Paul
? and ? formed the National Woman's Party and adopted more radical tactics such as around-the-clock picketing of the White House. Some picketers went to jail and even started a hunger strike.
19th Amendment
At last, in 1919 Congress passed THIS Amendment, which was ratified by the states the next year.
Like Roosevelt and Taft, Wilson backed away from Civil Rights. During the 1912 campaign he won support of THIS organization by promising to treat blacks equally.
He promised to speak out against THIS, that is, mob killings of blacks.
However, once he was president Wilson opposed federal laws against lynching. This was because he felt that THESE, rather than the federal government, had the rights to make such laws.

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