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first English settlement in the New World. it was off coast off North Carolina, established in 1587. Settlement failed and no one knows what became of the people who first settled there


The first successful settlement in the Virginia colony founded in May, 1607.


2nd colony; established by religious separatists seeking a free place from the Church of England; sailed on the Mayflower in 1620 after getting a charter from the Virginia Company;Mayflower compact; first democracy

made in the industrial revolution

Cars,steel,airplanes,machines,subways,Movies,sky scrapers

Spanish-American war

an 1898 conflict between the united states and spain, in which the united states supported cubans' fight for indepedence. started because of yellow journalism (Hearsts NY and Pulitzer's NYW) and the explosion of U.S.S. maine

Problems with labor

long hours, low wages, child labor, monopolies/ big business abuse, few political rights, unsafe, no med. beneficts, RR rates/ rebates

war prayer

Mark Twain's anti-imperialist satire. Americans want to just grab land as bad as Europeans. Just play game and say its for good reason "American Game".

White mans burden

Richard Kupling- Imperialist- idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized

Teddy roosevelt

during Spanish-American War, led volunteer regiment of Rough Riders, who participated in the Battle of San Juan Hill; assistant secretary of the navy under President McKinley; governor of New York; became the youngest ever president in 1901 following the assassination of McKinley; ushered in an era of progressivism; known for being a strong conservationist, completing the Panama Canal, being a trustbuster, advocating a "Square Deal" approach to dealing with capital and labor, and creating the Food and Drug Administration; won Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation end of Russo-Japanese War; had a falling out with his hand-picked successor, William Howard Taft; ran for a third term, even though he had promised he would not, as the "Bullmoose Party" candidate

Panama Canal

Panama was once owned by its neighboring country Columbia, but eventually broke free after America helped create the rebellion. Built from 1904 to 1914, the Americans decided to build the Panama Canal for faster trade routes from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

Turners frontier thesis

He stated that the frontier has gone away had with it so has the first period of American History. His thesis was false because there was never really a frontier, they just kept moving people.

Melting pots

Many different cultures in one area, Lots of different pieces,When people get here people assimilate into American culture.

Mixing bowls

Cities with large immigrant populations have been called this. People keep their own culture when moving to america


joining of companies and sharing profits, agreements between companies to maintain prices at a certain level


Firms or corporations that combine for the purpose of reducing competition and controlling prices (establishing a monopoly). There are anti-trust laws to prevent these monopolies.

anti-trust laws

Acts intended to foster competition by preventing a business or businesses from restraining and thus controlling trade. Include Sherman Anti-Trust Act, Clayton Act, and Robinson-Patman Act

Sherman anti-trust act

First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions

Immigration restriction league

organization formed in 1894 that sought to impose a literacy test on all immigrants to the United States

Living conditions of immigrants

poor,shared bathrooms, 2 rooms or one, dirty,cramped

rural free delivery

beginning in 1896, free delivery offered by the U.S. post office to farm families in rural areas.

sears catalog

Tech. Advancement of Railroad times - new way of selling
You could buy anything you could possibly think of out of this catalog
Revolutionized selling
Rural areas - general store with small selection at least 10 miles away
1800's version of
you could sell things cheaper, no middle man
Incorporating rural customers - big deal

anthracite coal strike

1902 United Mine Workers of America strike in eastern Pennsylvania which threatened to cause an energy crisis requiring the federal government to intervene on the side of labor (first time)

Theodore Roosevelt impact


referendum recall

Referendum is a power reserved to the voters that allows the voters, by petition, to demand the reconsideration and repeal of any legislative action of the City Council, except an emergency measure, before it becomes effective. If a petition with the required number of valid signatures is filed within 30 days of the council action, the ordinance or action is suspended from becoming effective. The City Council then has the duty to reconsider the action and either repeal it or submit it to the voters for approval or rejection. The measure would be submitted to the voters at the next regular election, unless the Council chooses to call a special election for the referendum. The measure does not become law unless it is approved by voters.

city reform

• Break up political machines, reorganize city governments, wanted yo use governments for reform (as a tool)
• City commissioners
-Found after Galveston Hurricane
-Elected 5 commissioners, each in charge of a part of government
-Individually an administrator
-Spread all over the country
-Higher a city manager: most popular form, what Fort Worth has

state reform

Austrailian Ballot: First voting ballot that was secret. Ended lots of corruption by people who would kill if a person didnt vote "right".
Direct Election: Gave voters the right to elect their own senators.
Recalls: A petition by voters that forced an official to stand for reelection at anytime.

voting reforms

referendum, direct election of senators by peoples vote, limit terms for VP and Pres, secret ballot


A group of investigative reporters who pointed out the abuses of big business and the corruption of urban politics; included Frank Norris (The Octopus) Ida Tarbell (A history of the standard oil company) Lincoln Steffens (the shame of the cities) and Upton Sinclair (The Jungle)

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