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aggressively building up a nation's armed forces to prep for war; military over government
telegram sent by Germany to Mexico proposing alliance and promising US territory if Mexico declared war on US
Wilson's proposal for Europe peace (postwar) >> self-determination, freedom of nations, territories/borders changed, warfare ending, peace, League of Nations
League of Nations
international organization formed after WWI that aimed to ensure security and peace for all its members
no favor of a country that would win/lose war so it was okay to send everything but troops
Sedition Act of 1918
criminalized opposition to the war and speech against US gov't and constitution
European immigration effect
war cut off >> resulted in loss of workers in factories >> Black workers considered
goals for Paris Peace- France
punish Germany, no re-arming of Central Powers, land returned by Germany, reparation, control German resources, get Germany's sphere
goals for Paris Peace- Belgium
land returned by Germany, promise to honor neutrality, get part of Ruhr Valley, reparations, get Germany's African colonies
goals for Paris Peace- Japan
keep control over spheres, more trade influence in Europe, get Philippines, get Hawaii, more markets for trade, reparations, get Germany's sphere
goals for Paris Peace- US
German reparations, A-H reparations, England/France/Belgium loans paid back, greater influence in world, resources, 14 Points
outrageous acts committed to citizens in war (murder, rape) >> committed in Belgium by Germany
people signed up for war w/ friends and throughout would be stuck together >> resulted in gaps and holes in generations
methods of communication
carrier pigeons, motorcycle/horse messengers, signal lights, field telephones
Treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and of Trianon
ended A-H empire >> regions lost and A-H territory reduced
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