Unit 3- Age of Exploration
Terms in this set (20)
Motives for exploration
God, Glory, Gold.... - New Trade Routes, Wealth, Power and Control, spreading Christianity
Why were Europeans motivated to plan voyages beyond the limits of the world they knew?
Due to the Renaissance, they had an interest in the world. They also needed to set up trading ports with various locations in Asia in order to get spices.
Explain why spices were an essential part of everyday life for Europeans.
Refrigerators had not yet been invented so spices (salt) were used to preserve meat. Spices were also used to hide the taste of meat that had gone bad.
an act or instance of investigating or examining unknown regions for the purpose of discovery.
The expansion of countries into other countries where they establish settlements and control the people
Who are the 'power players' during this the age of exploration?
Spain, Netherlands, France, England, Portugal
How did the Crusades help to spur the desire for increased trade?
Europeans were introduced to spices from Asia during the Crusades, demand for these items continued
What did European countries see as their sacred duties?
to convert non-Christians throughout the world
How did Prince Henry's navigation school foster exploration?
map makers, instrument makers, ship builders, scientists, and sea captains gathered there to perfect their trade
Treaty of Tordesilla
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
a system in which the Spanish king gave Spanish settlers the right to the labor of the Native Americans who lived in a particular area
the leg of the triangular trade route on which slaves were transported from Africa to the Americas
Trading System between Europe, Africa, and the colonies; European purchased slaves in Africa and sold them to colonies, new materials from colonies went to Europe while European finished products were sold in the colonies.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world
An economic system based on private property and free enterprise.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
favorable balance of trade
Situation that exists when a country sells more goods than it buys from a foreign country
How did Africans help in the capture of African slaves?
African merchants and rulers captured other Africans to be sold to Europeans as slaves. They delivered them to Europeans waiting in the ports in exchange for gold, guns, and other goods.
Describe what it was like to be a slave in the Americas:
auctioned, lived on little foods, lived in huts, worked long days, beaten, broke tools or worked slowly to resist
Results of the slave trade
generations of fittest member/young and able lost
families torn apart
devastated society by introducing guns
economic/cultural development of Americas grew (otherwise would not have)
Africans brought expertise, art, music, religion, and food influences to American society