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Chapter 4 APES Freidland and Relyea Vocab
Terms in this set (40)
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long period of time--typically over several decades.
The layer closest to Earth's surface.
Layer above the troposphere that is less dense. It's warmer and contains ozone.
Maximum amount of water vapor that can be in the air at a given temperature.
As air rises higher in the atmosphere, the pressure on it decreases, the lower pressure allows the rising air to expand in volume and this expansion lowers the temperature of the air.
When air sinks toward Earth's surface, the pressure on it increases. The higher pressure forces the air to decrease in volume and this decrease raises the temperature of the air.
When water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid water, energy is release.
Latent heat release
The convection currents that cycle between the equator and 30 N and S.
The area of Earth that receives the most intense sunlight, where the ascending branches of the two Hadley cells converge.
Intertropical convergence zone
Convection currents that are formed by air that rises at 60 N and S, the rising air cools, and the water vapor condenses into precipitation.
The deflection of an object's path due to Earth's rotation.
The Coriolis Effect
Large scale patterns of water circulation.
The upward movement of water toward the surface.
An oceanic circulation pattern that drives the mixing of surface water and deep water.
The movement of warm water and air toward South America suppresses the upwelling off the coast of Peru and decreases productivity there. It changes winds and ocean currents.
A region with dry conditions found on the leeward side of a mountain range as a result of humid winds from the ocean causing precipitation on the windward side.
The presence of similar plant growth forms in areas possessing similar precipitation patterns, and are classifiable by scientists.
Cold, treeless biome with low-growing vegetation and frozen soil.
Underlying subsoil, that is an impermeable permanently frozen layer that prevents water from draining and roots from penetrating.
Biome in which forests are made primarily of coniferous trees that can tolerate cold winters and short growing seasons.
A coastal biome that has moderate temperature and high precipitation.
Biome with many deciduous trees, moderate rainfall and seasonal temperatures. It's very productive.
Temperate Seasonal Forest
Biome characterized by hot, dry summers, and mild rainy winters. It has a 12 month growing season.
Biome characterized by cold, harsh winters and hot, dry, summers. Fires are common.
Biome found on large tropical islands, where the ocean provide a contain a source of atmospheric water vapor. Constant climate.
Biome marked by warm temperatures and distinct wet and dry seasons. Common grazing land.
Biome characterized by hot temperatures, extremely dry conditions, and sparse vegetation.
The shallow area of soil and water near the shore where algae and emergent plants such as cattails grow.
In the open water, where rooted plants can no longer survive.
A region of deep water below the limnetic zone.
Aquatic biomes that are submerged or saturated by water for at least part of each year, but shallow enough to support emergent vegetation throughout.
One of the most productive biomes in the world, found in estuaries.
Occurs along the tropical and subtropical coast, salt tolerant.
The narrow band of coastline that exists between the levels of high tide and low tide.
Earth's most diverse marine biome with coral.
A phenomenon in which the algae inside the corals die.
The upper layer of water that receives enough sunlight to allow photosynthesis.
Deeper layer of water that lacks sufficient sunlight for photosynthesis.
When bacteria use the energy contained in the bonds of methane and hydrogen sulfide to generate energy.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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