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Rome's first emperor


The people who could participate in the government


Human made channels that carried water from distant mountain ranges into Rome or other cities


He took power in the late 200s


He was the emperor after Diocletian left power and he reunited the two halves of the Roman empire for a short period


He was the king of the Franks by the 480s. He had built a huge kingdom in Gaul. He was also one of the most powerful of all the German kings


He was the leader of the Huns and he was a brilliant leader and a scary enemy


The decay of peoples value


He was an emperor who ruled from 527 to 565 and reuniting the empire was his passion


Was the husband of Justinian and helped him make good choices

Byzantine Empire

The society that developed in the eastern Roman empireafter the west fell was called __________


Pictures made with pieces of colored stone or glass


The landmass that include both Europe and Asia


Refers to the shape and elevation of the land in a region

Middle Ages

A period lasted about 500 to about 1500


Another name for the middle ages


He was the first misionaries to travel to northern Europe


Were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities


Communities of monks


Most European monasteries followed a set of rules created in the early 500s by an Italian monk


He was a brilliant warrior and a very strong king.


Warriors who fought on horse back


A knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land.


Historians call this system of promises that governed the relationship between lords and vassals

William the Conqueror

In 1066 he and his knights sailed to England and defeated the english king and he became king.


The large estate owned by a knight or lord was _________


workers who were tied to the landon which they lived

Eleanor of Aquitaine

A french women who had great political power.


Europeans called their code of honorable behavior for knights.


A short three-lined poems of 17 syllables that describes nature scenes.


Casted out of the church

Pope Gregory VII

In 1073a new pope came to power in Rome

Emperor Henry IV

Trouble arose when Gregory disapproved of a bishop chosen by the whole Roman


Were a long series of wars between Christians and muslims in the Southwest Asia

Holy Land

The place where jesus had lived, preached, and died.

Pope Urban II

The Pope of the Roman Catholic church

King Richard I

He was the only one that stayed in the holy land


The leader of the muslim forces. He was a brilliant leader.


Church officials

Religious Order

Is a group of people who didicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.

Francis of Assisi

Franciscans named for their founders Dominic de Guzman and____________


People who belonged to religious order but lived and worked among the general public

Thomas Aquinas

Is the Dominican philosopher

Natural Law

A law governed how the world operated and its called _____________

Magna Carta

This document listing rights that the king could not ignore


In time the councildeveloped into __________ the law making body that governs England today

Hundred Years' War

A long conflict between England and France that came to be called ___________

Joan of Arc

Is a pheasent girl that rallied the french troops

Black Death

A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351


Religious ideas that opposed accepted the church teaching are called ______________


Efforts to retake Spain from the Moors

King Ferdinand

He married Queen isabella in 1469 and later became king

Queen Isabella

Married Ferdinand in 1469 and later became queen

Spanish Inquisition

An organization of priests that look for and punish anyone in spain suspected of secretly practicing their old religion

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