Rome's first emperor
The people who could participate in the government
Human made channels that carried water from distant mountain ranges into Rome or other cities
He took power in the late 200s
He was the emperor after Diocletian left power and he reunited the two halves of the Roman empire for a short period
He was the king of the Franks by the 480s. He had built a huge kingdom in Gaul. He was also one of the most powerful of all the German kings
He was the leader of the Huns and he was a brilliant leader and a scary enemy
The decay of peoples value
He was an emperor who ruled from 527 to 565 and reuniting the empire was his passion
Was the husband of Justinian and helped him make good choices
The society that developed in the eastern Roman empireafter the west fell was called __________
Pictures made with pieces of colored stone or glass
The landmass that include both Europe and Asia
Refers to the shape and elevation of the land in a region
A period lasted about 500 to about 1500
Another name for the middle ages
He was the first misionaries to travel to northern Europe
Were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities
Communities of monks
Most European monasteries followed a set of rules created in the early 500s by an Italian monk
He was a brilliant warrior and a very strong king.
Warriors who fought on horse back
A knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land.
Historians call this system of promises that governed the relationship between lords and vassals
William the Conqueror
In 1066 he and his knights sailed to England and defeated the english king and he became king.
The large estate owned by a knight or lord was _________
workers who were tied to the landon which they lived
Eleanor of Aquitaine
A french women who had great political power.
Europeans called their code of honorable behavior for knights.
A short three-lined poems of 17 syllables that describes nature scenes.
Casted out of the church
Pope Gregory VII
In 1073a new pope came to power in Rome
Emperor Henry IV
Trouble arose when Gregory disapproved of a bishop chosen by the whole Roman
Were a long series of wars between Christians and muslims in the Southwest Asia
The place where jesus had lived, preached, and died.
Pope Urban II
The Pope of the Roman Catholic church
King Richard I
He was the only one that stayed in the holy land
The leader of the muslim forces. He was a brilliant leader.
Is a group of people who didicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
Francis of Assisi
Franciscans named for their founders Dominic de Guzman and____________
People who belonged to religious order but lived and worked among the general public
Is the Dominican philosopher
A law governed how the world operated and its called _____________
This document listing rights that the king could not ignore
In time the councildeveloped into __________ the law making body that governs England today
Hundred Years' War
A long conflict between England and France that came to be called ___________
Joan of Arc
Is a pheasent girl that rallied the french troops
A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351
Religious ideas that opposed accepted the church teaching are called ______________
Efforts to retake Spain from the Moors
He married Queen isabella in 1469 and later became king
Married Ferdinand in 1469 and later became queen
An organization of priests that look for and punish anyone in spain suspected of secretly practicing their old religion
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