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54 terms

Social Studies Test #9-10

STUDY
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Augustas
Rome's first emperor
Citizens
The people who could participate in the government
Aqueducts
Human made channels that carried water from distant mountain ranges into Rome or other cities
Diocletian
He took power in the late 200s
Constantine
He was the emperor after Diocletian left power and he reunited the two halves of the Roman empire for a short period
Clovis
He was the king of the Franks by the 480s. He had built a huge kingdom in Gaul. He was also one of the most powerful of all the German kings
Attila
He was the leader of the Huns and he was a brilliant leader and a scary enemy
Corruption
The decay of peoples value
Justinian
He was an emperor who ruled from 527 to 565 and reuniting the empire was his passion
Theodora
Was the husband of Justinian and helped him make good choices
Byzantine Empire
The society that developed in the eastern Roman empireafter the west fell was called __________
Mosaics
Pictures made with pieces of colored stone or glass
Eurasia
The landmass that include both Europe and Asia
Topography
Refers to the shape and elevation of the land in a region
Middle Ages
A period lasted about 500 to about 1500
Medieval
Another name for the middle ages
Patrick
He was the first misionaries to travel to northern Europe
Monks
Were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities
Monasteries
Communities of monks
Benedict
Most European monasteries followed a set of rules created in the early 500s by an Italian monk
Charlemagne
He was a brilliant warrior and a very strong king.
Knights
Warriors who fought on horse back
Vassal
A knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land.
Feudalism
Historians call this system of promises that governed the relationship between lords and vassals
William the Conqueror
In 1066 he and his knights sailed to England and defeated the english king and he became king.
Manor
The large estate owned by a knight or lord was _________
Serfs
workers who were tied to the landon which they lived
Eleanor of Aquitaine
A french women who had great political power.
Chivalry
Europeans called their code of honorable behavior for knights.
Haiku
A short three-lined poems of 17 syllables that describes nature scenes.
Excommunicate
Casted out of the church
Pope Gregory VII
In 1073a new pope came to power in Rome
Emperor Henry IV
Trouble arose when Gregory disapproved of a bishop chosen by the whole Roman
Crusades
Were a long series of wars between Christians and muslims in the Southwest Asia
Holy Land
The place where jesus had lived, preached, and died.
Pope Urban II
The Pope of the Roman Catholic church
King Richard I
He was the only one that stayed in the holy land
Saladin
The leader of the muslim forces. He was a brilliant leader.
Clergy
Church officials
Religious Order
Is a group of people who didicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
Francis of Assisi
Franciscans named for their founders Dominic de Guzman and____________
Friars
People who belonged to religious order but lived and worked among the general public
Thomas Aquinas
Is the Dominican philosopher
Natural Law
A law governed how the world operated and its called _____________
Magna Carta
This document listing rights that the king could not ignore
Parliament
In time the councildeveloped into __________ the law making body that governs England today
Hundred Years' War
A long conflict between England and France that came to be called ___________
Joan of Arc
Is a pheasent girl that rallied the french troops
Black Death
A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351
Hershey
Religious ideas that opposed accepted the church teaching are called ______________
Reconquista
Efforts to retake Spain from the Moors
King Ferdinand
He married Queen isabella in 1469 and later became king
Queen Isabella
Married Ferdinand in 1469 and later became queen
Spanish Inquisition
An organization of priests that look for and punish anyone in spain suspected of secretly practicing their old religion