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35 terms

Legislative Branch

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Legislative
Branch of government that passes laws
Congress
Legislative Branch
Senate
100 members, 2 members for each state. Members are elected every 6 years. The Vice President is the head of this body.
President of the Senate
The presiding officer of the Senate; in Congress, the Vice President of the United States
President Pro Tempore
Serves as president of the Senate in the absence of the VP; chosen by the majority party
House of Representative
Number of representatives is based on states population; 435 members
Speaker of the House
The leader of the majority party and presiding officer of the House of Representatives. Key role in assigning bills to committee and members to committees & setting party's legislative agenda
Lobbyist
Someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor
Constituent
a component; a voter in a particular politician's area or district; a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she vote
Political Party
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, develop a party platform (policy goals), win elections, and run government
Bipartisan
Supported by two political parties
Congressional Committee
Evolved as a way for Congress to handle large and complex work-load; divides up law-making into major subject areas
Select Committee
A temporary legislative committee established for a limited time period and for a special purpose.
Standing Committee
A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
Joint Committee
A committee composed of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate
Bill
A proposed law that has not been passed
Republican Party
One of the two major modern American political parties. It emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats. Now the party is conservative (pro-life, anti-affirmative action, anti-too much government intervention, anti-taxing on the rich, pro-death penalty)
Democratic Party
A political party that believes that the federal government should take a more active role in people's lives, particularly those who are in need
Filibuster
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill; used only in the Senate
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals deal with problems concerning the federal government
Party Platform
A political party's statement of its goals and policies. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
Elastic Clause
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
Public Opinion
How people think or feel about particular things
Intensity
How strongly one feels about an issue
Direction
If one supports or opposes an issue
Stability
How consistent one's feelings are about an issue
Polls
A way of finding out what people think about something by asking many people the same question
Interest Group
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
Economic Group
Interest groups that are organized primarily for economic reasons but that engage in political activity in order to seek favorable policies from government
Demographic Group
An interest group whose member's share specific factors; age, ethnicity, religion, or country of origin
Special Cause Group
An interest group that focuses on one single issue, i.e. the environment, abortion rights, gun ownership
Union
An organization of employees that is formed to promote the welfare of its members.
Political Action Committee
Committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
Propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Public Policy
The course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem