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PA State Auto Inspection
Terms in this set (100)
Stickers shall be kept where?
Kept under lock and key in a safe place
What is done with any unused stickers?
Keep them until the QAO comes around. You get a 75% refund on unused stickers.
First offense of faulty inspection and improper inspection?
Category 1 violation. 2 months suspension.
When checking registration or VIN what do we look for, and what if there's a problem?
VIN number and license plate must agree with registration card.
Allowed to have one number off or two numbers transposed (out of
order) if the owner proves forms have been sent to Penn DOT.
VIN plate can't be loose, defaced, or missing.
If there is a problem owner must get a corrected registration or
show that proper forms have been sent to Penn DOT.
What do you check glazing for?
Approved safety glass must be in every window and it must be
permanently labeled. See Appendix C(f)
Non transparent material or glass etchings may not obstructs the
drivers view and may not be higher than 3-1/2 inches from the
bottom of any side or rear window.
Glass may not be shattered, broken or have sharp edges.
No defects in the acute area or the critical area or the
Louvers can't obstruct driver's vision.
Dual side mirrors are required when using sunscreen or louvers.
What area of the windshield can there be no imperfections?
The acute area. (8-1/2 X 5-1/2)
List all the ways to check the wipers.
Speed at manufactures specs or at least 45 cycles per minute
Blades can't be torn or smear or streak after 5 cycles.
Must have all wipers
Wipers must reset to rest position.
Washer system working on cars/light trucks newer than 1968.
What do you check the doors and trunk lid for?
Must be original equipment or same type.
Must close securely.
List all the ways to check mirrors.
Mirrors can't be cracked, discolored or broken.,
Mirrors must hold adjustment. Can't be loose.
Cars with louvers and sunscreens must have 2 outside mirrors
(19-1/2 square inches each).
No junk hanging from rear view mirror.
What's the rule for fender flares?
May not exceed 3 inches.
What do you check floor for?
Must be able to support weight of people and cargo.
No holes allowed.
What is the bumper height for a car and a truck.
Must be as strong as and no longer than original bumper.
Can't be broken or torn.
Wood planks on service trucks (wreckers) only.
Height- passenger vehicles 16-20 inches above ground
MPVs, SUV's and light trucks 16-30 inches above ground.
Turn signals should have a frequency of flash between __________
flashes per minute.
60 - 120 flashes per minute.
What are the guidelines for back up lights?
Must turn off when not in reverse OR have a dash indicator light or
What are the guidelines for broken lenses?
Will not pass if white light shows through.
List three reasons for rejecting shocks.
Mounts or mounting bolts broken
Severe leakage. Slight dampness OK
What's the minimum steering wheel size?
The horn should be heard at least ________feet away.
What do we look for when checking the brake pedal?
Can't go down more than 80% of total travel.
Can't fade when vehicle is stopped. (bleed by in master cylinder)
No excessive friction in linkage.
Can't be missing the rubber pedal pad.
What's the min. brake specs for Bonded?_______Riveted?_________
Bonded 2/32 Riveted 1/32
What do we check brake hoses for?
Make sure they aren't disconnected, don't leak, flattened or
Restricted, dry rot (cord showing)
List the items for interior inspection.
Steering wheel free play
Steering gear box
Proper size steering wheel
Flexible steering coupler
Indicator lamps for high beam, turn signals.
Horn- must be stock type
Brake pedal travel
Brake pedal fade
Brake pedal linkage
Brake pedal pad
Seats- DRIVERS seat and back must be firmly attached
No springs sticking out of DRIVER'S seat
Seat adjustment must work
Seat belts in good condition ( if originally equipped)
Rear view mirror- no cracks or discoloration
Rear view mirror- must hold adjustment. No junk hanging on it.
Describe steering "Lock to Lock"
Turning the front wheels as far as they go from one side to the
other. "Stop to Stop"
Describe the "1/4 inch Play Test"
Used to check tightness of steering linkage and gearbox.
Raise front wheels off the ground.
Have someone hold on the brakes to eliminate bearing play.
Wiggle the front tires. No more than 1/4 play allowed measured at
the outside of the tire.
What do we check motor mounts for?
Reject if broken.
List all items for under hood inspection.
Hood latch in good working order. Must be double latched.
Check motor mounts
No fuel leaks
No loose fuel lines
Fuel tanks and lines must be OEM or equal to.
No fuels lines touching hot or moving surfaces.
No fuel system parts inside the car.
Alternate fuel systems (propane) must meet code standards.
Throttle must work properly
No holes or cracks in firewall
No exhaust leaks
No master cylinder leaks
No brake lines, flattened, disconnected, restricted or leaking.
Booster for power brakes must be working properly
Battery must be securely fastened.
What are the minimum requirements for tire tread?
No less then 2/32 on any two adjacent treads (side by side)
No less than 4/32 on vehicles with 10,000 GW
No wear down to the tread wear indicators on two adjacent treads
No exposed cord
No repairs with blow out patches or boots.
No regrooving below original tread depth.
No retreads on the front of a taxi.
29. Describe how to unload and check ball joints?
conventional & modified McPherson strut
Jack up tire under the A frame close as possible to the ball joint.
Jack up under the frame or body.
Lift wheel up and down with pry bar.
check for movement in the ball joints. Use dial indicator for exact amount of play.
Studded snow tires are legal between what two dates?
November 1st to April 15th
Describe the procedure for checking exhaust.
Must have muffler with no external repairs.
No loose or leaking joints or seams
No holes or cracks in systems
No part of system in passenger compartment
Must have proper clamps and hangers
Original heats shields must be in place.
must discharge to outside edge of vehicle.
Loud exhaust must meet requirements of Chapter 157
Headers and side pipes OK.
Fire equipment exempt from these regulations.
What is the most an unmarked drum can be machined?
.090" over original diameter.
What is the deepest a groove can be in a drum or rotor?
. Can a ply be broken on a leaf spring?
Yes. MAIN leaf may not be broken.
What do we check inside the trunk for?
No holes in floor bed or inner panels
Floor strong enough to hold cargo.
How do we check the emergency brake?
Brakes must set before pedal travels it's limit.
Brakes must exhibit resistance when you try to move the car.
The part of the windshield 8-1/2 inches wide by 5-1/2 inches high
directly in front of the driver's line of vision.
The part of the windshield that the wipers sweep.
Fleet inspection station
A station certificate to inspect all types of vehicles leased or
owned by the person that has the station certificate. Must have at
least 15 vehicles.
The loaded weight of a single vehicle as specified on the Federal
weight certification label attached to the vehicle.
( DIFFERENT THAN (GW) GROSS WEIGHT )
Registered gross weight of 11,000 lbs or less.
Registered gross weight from 11,001 to 17,000 lbs inclusive
Registered gross weight in excess of 17,000 lbs.
Safety insert tab
The numbers applied to the inspection sticker (safety certificate
of inspection) that show when the sticker expires.
Motor vehicle (except a motor cycle) designed to carry 15
passengers or less. Primarily used for transporting people.
A bus is a vehicle designed to carry 16 or more passengers (including the driver)
Certificate of inspection
Use MV-480 for motorcycles, mopeds, and trailers.
Inspection report sheet for all motor vehicles EXCEPT motor cycles
and motor driven cycles. (mopeds 5 H.P. or less)
Once a year (12 months)
Twice a year (6 months)
What must you or the station owner do when you start at a new place?
Notification must be given to the quality assurance officer and
the Vehicle Control Division.
Your name must be placed on Form TS-443 (listing of mechanics)
Stipulation for fog lamps.
May be used only with low beam headlights.
Stipulation for driving lamps
May be used only with high beam headlights.
Any vehicle not registered in Pennsylvania.
How can we tell if a vehicle is from an emission inspection area?
Look for the emissions insert on the inspection sticker or a
emissions inspection sticker.
Look for the IM on the registration card.
If a vehicle is from an emission area, what is our responsibility
when inspecting the vehicle?
When placing the inspection sticker on the vehicle we must use an
. Name the 3 types of vehicles we check "scrub" line on.
Specially Constructed Vehicles
List the types of hammers required for the inspection station.
Plastic or Brass
An inspection station must be open for a minimum of ______ hours.
40 hours per day unless you get a waiver from the Bureau.
If an inspection station is open on Saturday for fuel and service
only must an inspection mechanic be on duty?
NO- only during normal business hours (7:00 - 5:00 Mon-Fri)
Is the inspection fee for a vehicle that fails the same as for a
vehicle that passes?
Yes- Pass or Fail: Same price.
Is the price of the sticker included in the fee for inspection?
NO- the price of the sticker is separate. Must have a sign listing
How many stations can a technician be registered at?
As many as he/she wants to as long as they notify the inspection
supervisor and the Vehicle Control Division of the Names and
station numbers of the places they are working.
What is the minimum age of the inspection mechanic?
What two documents must a mechanic carry when performing an
Driver's License and Mechanic Card
Must the inspection technician be re certified and if so how often?
Yes - Every 3 years.
How many days does a mechanic have to take his recertification test?
after being notified it's due to expire?
What is the meaning of 20-20-12?
A passenger vehicle going 20 MPH must stop within 20 feet without swerving outside of a 12 foot
To inspect a motorcycle does the inspection mechanic need a motor
. What 5 items must be marked on the back of the certificates of inspection?
(stickers) Expiration date, VIN, Date of inspection, Brakes inspected, Signature
Is a new Certificate of Appointment needed if you move your
business to a different building?
YES - and you may not do any inspections until then.
What must be done if certificates of inspection are stolen?
You must report it at once to the quality assurance officer.
If you replace any parts on a customer's vehicle what must you do
with the old parts.
Retain them until the vehicle is returned to the customer in case
they want to see the old parts.
What could happen if you perform repairs on a vehicle without the
4 months suspension 1st violation, 6 months-2ed, 1 year- 3rd
If Bonded brakes measure 3/32 what is the inspection mechanic
required to do?
Pass them BUT inform the owner in writing on the work order that
they may become dangerous.
Are utility trailers and recreational trailers recorded on the same
NO- use separate MV-480 forms
. May a motorcycle inspection certificate be placed on the left
YES or left front fender or plate mounted on left side.
Should inspection stickers for trailers be placed on the
left-front-side OR the left-front-nose of the trailer?
. How long is the first violation suspension for putting a sticker
on a car without inspecting it?
What should you do when removing inspection stickers from vehicles?
with plastic inner liners?
Use a stiff plastic scraper instead of a metal one or razor blade.
How long do we keep a copy of the MV-431 inspection records?
Must work orders be retained for two years?
Only if someone other than the mechanic fills out the inspection
record. The mechanic must sign the work order.
. If a vehicle passes inspection can we affix the sticker outside of
the inspection area?
YES. Within 100 feet of the station as long as it's on station
property and the same side of the street.
What must be 24" high and 21" wide?
The inspection station sign outside the garage.
. How often do we inspect the following?
1. Antique vehicles
2. Trailers under 3,000 lbs. registered GVW
3. Fire trucks
5. Trailers over 10,000 lbs. registered GVW
6. School busses
A. Antique vehicles -Not required
B. Trailers under 3,000 lbs. registered GVW -Not required
C. Fire trucks -Annually
D. Ambulances -Annually
E. Trailers over 10,000 lbs. registered GVW -Semi-annually
F. School busses -Semi-annually
How often should a 12 passenger school van be inspected?
Semi Annually for any school vehicle that carries students including cars.
If you were to purchase a new vehicle with an expired inspection
sticker, how many days do you have to get it inspected?
Can you inspect a vehicle registered in another state?
Yes but not required. Sticker optional
What certificates must be displayed at the inspection station?
Certificate of appointment
A fee chart for inspections
Form TS-443 listing the inspections mechanics.
Your outside inspection station sign.
What are the minimum sizes of inspection areas for the following?
A. Mechanical aimers - 12' wide by 22' long
B. Approved headlamp aiming screen - 12' wide by 43' long
Can we use old discontinued head light aimers?
Yes, as longs as they are in good working order and able to test
all types of headlights.
. What is the maximum floor slope in the inspection area?
How many vehicles can you inspect in one hour?
2 ( motorcycles -3)
Is a hoist of lift permitted in the inspection area?
Yes, as long as it doesn't interfere with the inspection.
What is the least amount of time and the most amount of time an
inspection is good for?
6 months to 15 months.
What determines when a vehicle is due for inspection?
The month the vehicles registration renews.
Describe the procedure when a customer comes in to get a
replacement sticker because the windshield was just replaced.
Up to 5 days to come in for a new sticker.
Customer must hand in the section of glass with old sticker on it.
Old sticker must be saved for the inspection station supervisor.
You don't have to re-inspect the vehicle.
You may charge no more than $2.00 for the new sticker
Record information from old sticker onto the MV-431.
Mark "replacement" on the MV-431 & on the back of the new sticker.
Refuse to issue a new sticker if the car is obviously unsafe.
How much is the wheel base allowed to differ from one side of the
vehicle to the other?
No more than 1 inch.
Is riveted brake lining measured from the shoe or the rivet head?
From the rivet head.
Name two vehicles that do not have to have odometers.
Vehicles at least 25 years old.
Vehicles over 17,000 RGW.
Explain the difference between GVWR and RGW
GVWR- Gross Vehicle Weight Rating- the limit set by the
manufacturer and labeled on the vehicle.
RGW- Registered Gross Weight - How much the vehicle is licensed to
carry on the registration card.
May a vehicle pass inspection if it has no hazard warning lamps?
Only if they were not included as original equipment.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
PA State Inspection Mechanic Practice Test
PA State Inspection
pa state inspection
PA Emission Certification Test
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