Piano

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Staff
A set of 5 parallel lines with 4 spaces in which music is written
Clef
A sign at the beginning of a staff that indicates the position of some pitch and by extension, the pitches represented by all of the staff's lines and spaces
Measure
The portion of music lying in between two consecutive bar lines
Bar line
A line drawn vertically through one or more staves to mark off a measure
Double bar line
Two parallel lines drawn vertically through a staff to indicate the end of a composition
Repeat sign
A sign that has two dots before or after a double bar line to indicate the music enclosed by these sign must be repeated
Time signature
The sign placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate meter
Grand staff
Two staves joined together by a brace for music being performed by a single performer (usually piano)
Dynamics
The aspect of music relating to degrees of loudness
Rest
A musical symbol indicating a period of silence
Brace
A mark used to connect two or more staffs
Piano
Soft
Forte
Loud
Mezzo forte
Medium/semi loud
Rhythm
The pattern of movement in time
Tempo
The speed at which music is performed
Melody
A coherent succession of pitches
Intervals
The relationship between two between an upper and lower pitch
Half step
A semi tone. The distance from any key to the very next key above or below, whether black or white, no key in b/w
Tone
12 half steps in an octave
Whole step
Two half steps.
Leap
Melodic motion from one pitch to another that is more than a whole tone away
Crescendo
Increasing loudness
Decrescendo
Becoming softer
White key to white
Whole step (except when no black key)
White key to black
Half step
Harmonic
Two or more notes at the same time
Melodic
One note at a time
Composition
The activity of creating a musical work (writing music)
Notation
Any means of writing down music, usually indicating pitch, duration, timbre,and loundness
Interpretation
Those aspects of a performance of work that result from the performer's particular realization of the composer's instructions as set down in musical notation (taking someone else's work and making it your own)
Aesthetics
The branch of philosophy that deals with the nature and expression of beauty, as in the fine arts
Allegro
Fast
Lento
Slow
Timbre
The character or quality of a musical sound or voice in relation to its pitch and intensity in the "color"
Allegro con spirito
Fast with spirit
Andante
Moderately slow
Leggiero
Light
Accelerando
Becoming faster
Dolce
Sweetly, usually also softly
Calmato
Becoming calm
Molto
Very
Lunga
A strong pause that is determined by the performer
Marcato
Marked,stressed,emphasized
Moderato
Moderate with respect to tempo
A tempo
An instruction to return to the original tempo
Sempre
Always, continuously
Chord
3 or more pitches sounded simultaneously or functioning as sounded simultaneously
Triad
A chord consisting of 3 pitches
Dyad
Two pitches, simultaneously or successively
Duet
A composition for two performers
Quartet
A composition for four solo performers
Trio
An ensemble of 3 solo instrument or performers
Meter
The pattern in which a steady succession of rhythmic pulses is organized
Articulation
The characteristics of attack and decay of single tones or group of tones
Touch
In piano playing, the way in which the keys are pressed so as to produce the desired qualities of sound
Acoustics
The science of the production,propogation, and perception of sound
Fine
The end
Merro
Less
Slur
A line that connects a pair of note; first note has more emphasis than the second one
Legato
Play notes smoothly, with no seperation
Phrase
A musical idea or element that has an oftenly repeated pattern
Simile
Continuing playing similarly
Adagio
Slow, leisurely tempo
Presto
Very fast
Ledger lines
Lines written above or below the stuff that represent continuation and pitches
Lullaby
A cradle song with a gentle and regular rhythm
Virtuoso
A performer with great technical ability
Agile
With agility
Brillante
Brillant
Veloce
Fast
Dolente
Sweetly, usually also softly
Frōlich
Joyous
Grandioso
Grandiose
Largamente
Broadly
Mosso
Moved, agitated
Parlando ( or parlante)
Speechlike
Slur
A line that connects a pair of note; first note has more emphasis than the second one
Legato
Play notes smoothly, with no seperation
Phrase
A musical idea or element that has an oftenly repeated pattern
Simile
Continuing playing similarly
Adagio
Slow, leisurely tempo
Presto
Very fast
Ledger lines
Lines written above or below the stuff that represent continuation and pitches
Lullaby
A cradle song with a gentle and regular rhythm
Virtuoso
A performer with great technical ability
Agile
With agility
Brillante
Brillant
Veloce
Fast
Dolente
Sweetly, usually also softly
Frōlich
Joyous
Grandioso
Grandiose
Largamente
Broadly
Mosso
Moved, agitated
Parlando ( or parlante)
Speechlike
Tie
a curved line that joins two or more successive notes of the same pitch, indicating that those notes should be played or sung sustained, unbroken through their total value time
Fermata
a pause or hold
Augmentized
Raised or enlarged. Generally refers to raising of a pitch by one half step
Diminished
lowered or reduced; generally refers to the lowering of a pitch by one half step
Mesto
sad, mournful
Pausa
rest, pause
Maestroso
majestic
Subito
sudden, quickly
Allegretto
slightly less fast than allegro, often implying lighter texture or character as well
Largo
broad, large
Pesante
weighty, with emphasis
Pomposo
pompous
Flat sign
lowers the pitch or sound of a note by one half step
Accidentals
a flat, sharp, or natural sign placed before a note. When one of these signs is placed before a note, every note which follows on the same space or line within that measure is also affected
Con brio
with vivacity (energy, power)
Con fusco
with fire
Con gusto
with taste, style
Embellishment
ornamentation added to music to make it more beautiful or effective, or to demonstrate the abilities of the performer
Berceuse
a lullaby
Suelto
quick, nimble
Ritardando
slowing down gradually
Risoluto
Resolute, energetic
Contabile
singable, songlike
Agitato
agitated
Amabile
loveable
Giacoso
humorous
Tertrachords
a series of 4 notes having a pattern of whole step, whole step, half step; notes of this must be in alphabetical order ( the major scale is made up of two of these joined by a whole step
Sharp
the sign that indicates the raising or a note by a half step
Natural
a note that is not affected by either a sharp or flat, this sign also cancels out a previous sharp or flat
Piá
more
Plus
more (2)
Key signature
sharps of flats at the beginning of each staff to indicate which pitches are to be raised and lowered from their natural state during the piece
Affabile
pleasing
Cedez
yield, slow down
Forza
strength, force
Prestissimo
as fast a possible
Ravvivando
quickening
Rubato
making the established pulse flexible by accelerating or slowing down the tempo, an expressive device
Arrangement
the adaptation or a composition for a medium different from that for which it was originally composed
Medley
a succession of well-known melodies loosely connected to one another
Waltz
A couples dance in triple time 3/4
Reduction
An arrangement, especially for piano of a work originally for orchestra and other ensemble
Fake Book
a collection of popular and jazz melodies with chord symbols and sometimes words
Ballad
a strophic, narrative song
Agiato
sedate, with ease
Appassionato
impassioned
Estompé
toned down
Rigoroso
rigorous, in strict time
Sospiranto
sighing
Tirando
dragging
Alla Breve
a tempo marking indicating quick double time: 2/2
Al fine
to the end, generally used after a repetition
Da capo
repeat from the beginning of the composition
Dal segro
repeat from the sign
pick up
one or more notes preceding the first metrically strong beat of a phrase or section of a composition
Form
the shape of a musical composition as defined by all of it's pitches, rhythms, dynamics, and timbres
Gracile
delicate
Grazioso
graceful
Senza
without
Solenne
solemn
Tranquillo
tranquil, calm
Sostenuto
sustained
Chord Progression
moving from one chord to another
1 =
root
4 =
subdominant
5 =
dominant
Polyphony
music that simultaneously combines several lines
Primo
first or upper part
Segundo
second or middle part
Theme
A musical idea, usually a melody that forms the basis for a composition
Transposition
The rewriting or performance of music at a pitch other than the original one
Modulation
in tonal music, the process of changing from one key to another
Con gusto
With taste, style
Allargando
Broadening, becoming slower
Rallentando
Slowing down (same as retardando)
Sforzando
Strongly accented, forced
Tenuto
Fully sustained, occasionally even a bit longer than the note the value requires
Enfach
Simple
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