Unit 3 Cells

5.0 (1 review)
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 32
Terms in this set (32)
Endoplasmic ReticulumA system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm, and that assists in the production, processing, and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids.MitochondriaThese power the cell by breaking down sugar to produce energy.Golgi ComplexCell organelle that helps make and package materials to be transported out of the cell.VesicleA small cavity or sac made of Golgi membrane that carries materials to be moved in or out of the cell.LysosomeA cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes to break down wastes, foreign invaders, or damaged organelles.ChloroplastsThis is an organelle that absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis.ChlorophyllA green pigment in chloroplasts that can trap sun energy.PhotosynthesisThe process where plants take in sun energy, water, and carbon dioxide to make their own food (stored as the sugar glucose).Robert HookeThe first person to describe the cell while looking at a piece of cork.MicroscopeCells couldn't be observed until this was invented.VolumeWhich grows faster, volume or surface area?Surface AreaWhich needs to be greater for a cell to function most efficiently, volume or surface area?CytoplasmThe fluid that holds contents and allows movement of materials in the cell.DNAThis has the instructions for making proteins (the main cell product) and new cells and is located in the nucleus.Part 1 of Cell TheoryAll organisms are made of 1 or more cells.Part 2 of Cell TheoryThe cell is the basic unit of all living things.Part 3 of Cell TheoryAll cells come from existing cells.MulticellularOrganisms with more than 1 cell, like animals, plants, or humans.UnicellularOrganisms with 1 cell like yeast, bacteria, amoeba,and protists.Surface Area-to-Volume RatioThis must be in the right ratio so the cell can get enough nutrients and get rid of enough waste.Anton van LeeuwenhoekThe Dutch merchant in 1673 who looked at pond scum and saw organisms that he named animalcules. He also discovered that yeast is a single-celled organism.Theodor SchwannThis scientist studied animals and in 1839 decided that animal tissues had cells. He wrote the first 2 parts of cell theory.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.