French and Indian War
Established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
passed in 1765, required colonists to purchase a small stamp to be affixed to legal and other documents
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans.
Boston Tea Party
a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troops in barns and empty houses
Sons of Liberty
a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
Member of the first and second Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence, and served as governor of Massachusetts. He was very supportive of a revolution. Helped organize the Boston Tea Party, dressed as an Indian during the raid.
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
"Shot heard Around the World"
phrase given to the shots fired at Lexington and Concord, MA, the first battles between the colonial minutemen and the British in the Revolutionary War
Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Delaware River. The next morning, they surprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
Declaration of Independence
This document was adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this document.
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
He was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence.
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
The French Naval commander who defeated the British fleet at the battle of Yorktown, preventing Cornwallis from retreating by sea.
Patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution.