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33 terms

US History Unit 2 (1770-1815)

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French and Indian War
Established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Stamp Tax
passed in 1765, required colonists to purchase a small stamp to be affixed to legal and other documents
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans.
Boston Tea Party
a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.
Intolerable Acts
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troops in barns and empty houses
Sons of Liberty
a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
Sam Adams
Member of the first and second Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence, and served as governor of Massachusetts. He was very supportive of a revolution. Helped organize the Boston Tea Party, dressed as an Indian during the raid.
John Hancock
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
"Shot heard Around the World"
phrase given to the shots fired at Lexington and Concord, MA, the first battles between the colonial minutemen and the British in the Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War
1775-1783
Where did the Revolutionary War begin?
Lexington and Concord, MA
George Washington
Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Delaware River. The next morning, they surprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
Hessians
German soldiers who fought for the British
Tories/Loyalists
People who were against independence and wanted to remain loyal to England.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Valley Forge
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
The Turtle
1st American built combat submarine that failed at missions to sink British ships
Declaration of Independence
This document was adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this document.
Thomas Jefferson
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
John Trumbull
He was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence.
Benedict Arnold
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
Where did the Revolutionary War end?
Yorktown, Virginia
What was the popular American victory song?
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Badge of Merit
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How did the French help the US?
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Admiral DeGrasse
The French Naval commander who defeated the British fleet at the battle of Yorktown, preventing Cornwallis from retreating by sea.
Sally Fairfax
The love of George Washington's life
Benjamin Rush
Patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution.
"Bleeding"
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Articles of Confederation
the document that created the first central government for the United States; it was replaced by the Constitution in 1789