Create an account
The extent to which a food raises the blood glucose level and elicits an insulin
response as compared with pure glucose can be measured and ranked on a scale
instruction for building proteins
handling of nutrients
complete set in each cell
cntrol function of proteins
insulin and glycogen;Manufactures enzymes to digest all energy-yielding nutrients
Releases bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid that enters small intestine
Donate a starch-digesting enzyme (carbs)
Donate a trace of fat-digesting enzyme (important to infants)
1 min in mouth
Adds hjydorchloric acid, enzymes, and fluid
Churns, mixes, and grinds
food to a liquid mass;
1-2 hours here
Secretes enzymes that digest carbohydrate, fat, and protein
Cells lining intestine absorb nutrients into blood and lymph
inputs from pancreas and gallbladder
Reabsorbs water and minerals
Passes waste (fiber, bacteria, any unabsorbed nutrients) and some
water to rectum
type 1 dibetes
5-10% autoimmune disease attacking pancrease leading to inable to produce insuline
young kids of average body weight
why recommend fibers x8
Reduced risk of heart disease
Reduced risk of hypertension
Reduced risk of diabetes
Reduced risk of bowel disease
Promotion of healthy body weight
blood glucose control
reduce Constipation, hemorrhoids, appendicitis, diverticulosis
dietary fiber importance
Increases food volume without increasing caloric content, providing satiety May reduce appetite
Attracts water and forms a viscous gel during digestion, slowing the emptying of the stomach and intestinal transit, shielding carbohydrates from enzymes, and delaying absorption of glucose Lowers variance in blood sugar levels
Lowers total and LDL cholesterol Reduces risk of cardiovascular disease
Regulates blood sugar May reduce glucose and insulin levels in diabetic patients and may lower risk of diabetes
Speeds the passage of foods through the digestive system Facilitates regular defecation
Adds bulk to the stool Alleviates constipation
Balances intestinal pH and stimulates intestinal fermentation production of short-chain fatty acids May reduce risk of colorectal cancer
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together