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Terms in this set (56)
The residents in the area from which an official is elected.
Having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or house, distinguished from unicameral.
A representative who votes according to the preferences of his or her constituency.
A representative who votes based on what he or she thinks is best for his or her constituency.
representation that takes place when representatives have the same racial, gender, ethnic, religious or educational backgrounds as their constituents.
the sort of representation that takes place when constituents have the power to hire and fire their representatives.
holding the political office for which one is running.
legally prescribed limits on the number of terms an elected official can serve.
the process occurring after every decennial census, that allocates congressional seats among the 50 states.
the process of redrawing election districts and redistributing legislative representatives, this happens every 10 years to reflect shifts in population or in response to legal challenges to existing districts.
the apportionment of voters in districts in such a way as to give unfair advantage to one racial or ethnic group or political party.
the resources available to higher officials, usually opportunities to make partisan appointments to offices and to confer grants, license or special favors to supporters.
pork barrel (or pork)
appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that are often not needed but that are created so that local representatives can win reelection in their home districts.
a proposal in Congress to provide a specific person with some kind of relief, such as a special exemption from immigration quotas.
a gathering of house republicans every two years to elect their house leaders; Democrats call their gathering the caucus
a normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates, plan strategy or make decisions regarding legislative matters.
Speaker of the House
the chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the Speaker is the most important party and House leader, and can influence the legislative agenda, the fate of individual pieces of legislation and members' positions within the House.
the elected leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives or in the Senate, in the House, the majority leader is subordinate in the party hierarchy to the Speaker of the House.
the elected leader of the minority party in the House or Senate
a party member in the House or Senate responsible for coordinated the party's legislative strategy, building support for key issues, and counting votes.
a permanent committee with the power to propose and write legislation that covers a particular subject, such as finance or agriculture
usually temporary legislative committees set up to highlight or investigate a particular issue or address an issue not within the jurisdiction of existing committees.
legislative committees formed of members of both the House and Senate.
joint committees created to work out a compromise on House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation.
the ranking given to an individual on the basis of length of continuous service on a committee in Congress.
legislative support agencies responsible for policy analysis
association of members of Congress based on Party, interest, or social group, such as gender or race.
a proposed law that has been sponsored by a member of Congress and submitted to the clerk of the House or Senate.
the session in which a congressional committee rewrites legislation to incorporate changes discussed during hearings on a bill
a provision by the House Rules Committee limited or prohibiting the introduction of amendments during debate
a provision by the House rules committee that permits floor debate and the addition of new amendments to a bill
a tactic used by members of the Senate to prevent action on legislation they oppose by continuously holding the floor and speaking until the majority backs down; once given the floor, senators have unlimited time to speak, and it requires a vote of three-fifths of the Senate to end a filibuster
a rule of process in a legislative body aimed at ending debate on a given bill; in the US Senate, 60 senators (three-fifths) must agree in order to impose a time limit and end debate.
the presidents constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress; a presidential veto may be overridden by a two thirds vote of each house of Congress.
a presidential veto that is automatically triggered if the president does not act on a given piece of legislation passed during the final 10 days of a legislation session.
party unity vote
a roll-call vote in the house or senate in which at least 50% of the members of one party take a particular position and are opposed by at least 50% of the members of the other party.
a vote in which each legislator yes or no vote is recorded as the clerk calls the names of the members alphabetically.
a legislation practice whereby agreements are made between legislators in voting for or against a bill; vote trading.
the effort by Congress, thru hearings, investigations, and other techniques, to exercise control over the activites of executive agencies.
the amounts of money approved by congress in statues (bills) that each unit or agency of government can spend.
an agreement, made between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but does not requite the Senates "advice and consent".
the formal charge by the House of Rep that a government official has committed "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and Misdemeanors'.
Because they have larger and more heterogeneous constituencies, senators
can better represent the national interest.
What type of representation is described when constituents have the power to hire and fire their representative?
Sociological representation is important in understanding the US congress because
the composition of Congress is symbolically important for the authority of the government.
Some have argued that the creation of minority congressional districts has
made it more difficult for minorities to win substantive policy goals.
One way members of congress can work as agents of their constituents is by
providing direct patronage.
Which of the followings types of committees includes members of both the House and the Senate?
A series of reforms instituted by Congress in the 1970's including an increase in the number of subcommittees and greater autonomy for subcommittee chairs, was intended to
reduce the power of committee chairs.
The difference between a closed rule and an open rule in the House is
a closed rule puts severe limits on floor debate and amendments, wheras an open rule permits floor debate and makes amendments easier.
Which of the following is not a technique that can be used to block debate about a bill in the senate?
Members on congress take their constituents's views into account because
members worry that their voting record will be scrutinized at election time.
Which of the following is not a resource that party leaders in congress use to create party disciplinie
an agreement between members of congress to trade support for each other's bill is known as
when congress conducts an investigation to explore the relationship between what a law intended and what an executive agency has done, it is engaged in
Which of the following statements about impeachment is NOT true?
the president is the only official who can be impeache by congress.
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