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23 terms

Peritoneum and GI Tract relations

Anatomy
STUDY
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What is more than a single layer of peritoneum called?
Mesentery
What is the difference between the peritoneal cavity in males and females?
Female open at uterine tube
Where is pain from the midgut referred to?
T10
What are organs called that are completely surrounded by peritoneum?
Intraperitoneal
What is the significance of the pouch of Douglas?
Fluid pools here due to gravity while standing
List the intraperitoneal organs
Liver
1st part Duodenum
Jejenum and ileum
Spleen
Cecum and Appendix
Transverse and Sigmoid Colon
List the Primarily retroperitoneal organs
Kidneys
Ureters
Aorta
IVC
Sympathetic trunks
List the Secondarily retroperitoneal organs
Pancreas
Duodenum 2nd and 3rd
Ascending and descending colon
Rectum
What does the falciform ligament continue as?
Ligamentum teres
What is the significance of the Pouch of Morison?
Fluid pools here due to gravity in the supine position
Where is the pouch of Morison?
Between Liver and Kidney
How many layers does the greater omentum have?
4
What connects the transverse colon to the greater omentum?
Gastrocolic ligament
What is contained within the portal triad?
Hepatic artery
Portal vein
Bile duct
What splits the greater and lesser sac?
Transverse mesocolic ligament
What is contained in the supracolic compartment?
Stomach
Liver
Spleen
What is contained in the infracolic compartment?
SI
Ascending, Descending Colon
What is the purpose of the left and right paracolic gutter?
Communication between the supracolic and infracolic
How do the Greater and Lesser Sacs communicate?
Foramen of Winslow (Omental foramen)
What are the 5 umbilical folds?
2 Lateral (Inf epigastric vessels)
2 Medial (Obliterated umbilical arteries)
1 Median (Obliterated urachus)
What is the other name for the Pouch of Douglas?
Retrovesicle pouch (Males)
Retrouterine pouch (Females)
What is the clinical significance of the open peritoneum in females?
Pelvic inflammatory disease
What is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity?
Ascites