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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Correlation Advantages
  2. Projective Tests
  3. Taxonomies
  4. Personality
  5. Positive Correlation
  1. a 1. high on the external validity
    2. fewer ethical concerns
    3. allows us to look at variables we can't manipulate
  2. b how many traits do we study?
    ex. the Big 5
  3. c when the correlation is +1.0 (though it can not usually be a perfect correlation)
  4. d refers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns
  5. e present ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. one problem with the experimental method - IRB's go over every study to make sure we are not violating participants rights
  2. individual differences that emerge early in life, are heritable, and involve behaviors that are linked with emotion (activity level, emotion states, soothability, and orientation) - four different ones:
    1. easy babies (positive, low emotional reaction)
    2. difficult babies (negative, low emotions)
    3. slow to warm (negative, low emotional reaction but overtime warm up)
    4. behavioral inhibition (timid and shy, strong reactions)
  3. ex. blood pressure, brain waves, and so on
  4. cross-culture and longitudinal research do not show dramatic change in personality over time (correlation +.65) - Big 5 is the most consistent - personality appears to be "set in stone" with age but gradual change can occur (personality becomes fixed by age 30)
  5. 1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat

5 True/False questions

  1. Experimental Advantages5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study


  2. Traitsone problem with the experimental method - IRB's go over every study to make sure we are not violating participants rights


  3. Personality Changesduring your 20's there are small but consistent changes -
    score higher on:
    1. agreeableness
    2. conscientiousness
    3. emotional stability
    4. positive affect
    score lower on:
    1. extraversion
    2. openness to experience
    3. neuroticism
    4. negative affect


  4. Dependent VariableIV (variable x) - what the researcher manipulates (makes a difference between groups)


  5. Case Studiesexam the life of one person in great detail