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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Demand Characteristics
  2. Scientific Method
  3. Experimental Advantages
  4. Negative Correlation
  5. Aggregation
  1. a process of constructing, testing, and refining theories through systematic observation
  2. b averaging across several observations, not just one
  3. c when the correlation is -1.0
  4. d 1. control for the third variable through random assignment
    2. can't est. causality
  5. e one problem with the experimental method - cue in the environment/experiment that elicits a certain response
    ex. punching bag in a hott room when looking for aggression

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. present ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)
  2. one problem with the experimental method - IRB's go over every study to make sure we are not violating participants rights
  3. based on real world data, as well as archival data
  4. the amount of a trait which stays about the same
    ex. when 8 if your aggressive, your usually aggressive as an adult
  5. clinical psychologist - Eysnecks Hierchial Theory:
    Psychoticism (cold, aggressive, anti-social)
    Extraversion (seeks the company of others) vs. introversion (avoids others)
    Neuroticism (worried, anxious) vs. emotional stability

5 True/False questions

  1. Archival Dataex. looking at police records


  2. Experimenter Biasone problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study


  3. Big 5the amount of a trait which is different, either increased or decreased (degree rather than kind)


  4. Reliabilityconsistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)


  5. Physiological Measuresduring your 20's there are small but consistent changes -
    score higher on:
    1. agreeableness
    2. conscientiousness
    3. emotional stability
    4. positive affect
    score lower on:
    1. extraversion
    2. openness to experience
    3. neuroticism
    4. negative affect