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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Traits
  2. Correlation Disadvantages
  3. Experimental Disadvantages
  4. Theory
  5. Hypothesis
  1. a an idea of how something works - should be generating research, make precis predictions, be falsifiable, be simple, and have a good track record
  2. b 1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat
  3. c statement/question about the conditions under which an event occurs
  4. d words that we use to describe someone - use them to understand and predict behavior; they need to be stable across time and situations in order for the characteristic to be considered a personality trait - internal cause of behavior and descriptive summaries
  5. e 5. how much can we learn in 1 to 2 weeks?
    6. limited by what we can do to someone
    ex. rape study

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. process of constructing, testing, and refining theories through systematic observation
  2. most widely used
    ex. personality questionnaires
  3. averaging across several observations, not just one
  4. DV (variable y) - variable that is measured and usually follows the IV
    ex. helping behaviors
  5. when the correlation is neutral, meaning its a 0, then there is no correlation

5 True/False questions

  1. Correlation Advantages1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat

          

  2. Personality Changesduring your 20's there are small but consistent changes -
    score higher on:
    1. agreeableness
    2. conscientiousness
    3. emotional stability
    4. positive affect
    score lower on:
    1. extraversion
    2. openness to experience
    3. neuroticism
    4. negative affect

          

  3. Internal Validityone problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can say the IV is affecting the DV - experiments are high on this

          

  4. Reliabilityrefers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns

          

  5. Archival Dataex. looking at police records