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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Experimental Method
  2. Independent Variable
  3. Continuity
  4. External Validity
  5. Aggregation
  1. a averaging across several observations, not just one
  2. b allows us to test casual hypothesis
    ex. does happiness increase helping?
    involves the IV and the DV
  3. c IV (variable x) - what the researcher manipulates (makes a difference between groups)
  4. d one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can generate our findings to the real world - experiments are low on this
  5. e the amount of a trait which stays about the same
    ex. when 8 if your aggressive, your usually aggressive as an adult

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. based on real world data, as well as archival data
  2. ex. blood pressure, brain waves, and so on
  3. exam the life of one person in great detail
  4. one problem with the experimental method - the extent to which we can say the IV is affecting the DV - experiments are high on this
  5. one problem with the experimental method - IRB's go over every study to make sure we are not violating participants rights

5 True/False questions

  1. Trait Stabilityconsistency of the measure
    1. consistency between items (internal consistency)
    2. consistency between rates (inter-rater reliability)
    3. consistency over time (test-retest reliability)


  2. Positive Correlationwhen the correlation is -1.0


  3. Self-reportan idea of how something works - should be generating research, make precis predictions, be falsifiable, be simple, and have a good track record


  4. Personality Changesrefers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns


  5. Projective Testspresent ambiguous stimuli and people project information about themselves
    ex. Rorschach ink blots; TAT (one we did for class)