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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Correlation Disadvantages
  2. Experimenter Bias
  3. Observer Reports
  4. Personality
  5. Temperament
  1. a one problem with the experimental method - when an experimenter behaves in a way to elicit a response
    ex. comforting someone
    solution = double-blind study
  2. b 1. cannot est. causality
    2. third variable problem
    ex. trying to make a correlation between rapes committed and the amount of ice cream sold could be affected by the third variable of heat
  3. c refers to an individuals characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns
  4. d individual differences that emerge early in life, are heritable, and involve behaviors that are linked with emotion (activity level, emotion states, soothability, and orientation) - four different ones:
    1. easy babies (positive, low emotional reaction)
    2. difficult babies (negative, low emotions)
    3. slow to warm (negative, low emotional reaction but overtime warm up)
    4. behavioral inhibition (timid and shy, strong reactions)
  5. e based on real world data, as well as archival data

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. exam the life of one person in great detail
  2. how many traits do we study?
    ex. the Big 5
  3. clinical psychologist - Eysnecks Hierchial Theory:
    Psychoticism (cold, aggressive, anti-social)
    Extraversion (seeks the company of others) vs. introversion (avoids others)
    Neuroticism (worried, anxious) vs. emotional stability
  4. 1. control for the third variable through random assignment
    2. can't est. causality
  5. when the correlation is +1.0 (though it can not usually be a perfect correlation)

5 True/False questions

  1. Correlational Method1. high on the external validity
    2. fewer ethical concerns
    3. allows us to look at variables we can't manipulate

          

  2. Correlation Advantages1. high on the external validity
    2. fewer ethical concerns
    3. allows us to look at variables we can't manipulate

          

  3. Demand CharacteristicsDV (variable y) - variable that is measured and usually follows the IV
    ex. helping behaviors

          

  4. Self-reportindividual differences that emerge early in life, are heritable, and involve behaviors that are linked with emotion (activity level, emotion states, soothability, and orientation) - four different ones:
    1. easy babies (positive, low emotional reaction)
    2. difficult babies (negative, low emotions)
    3. slow to warm (negative, low emotional reaction but overtime warm up)
    4. behavioral inhibition (timid and shy, strong reactions)

          

  5. Theoryan idea of how something works - should be generating research, make precis predictions, be falsifiable, be simple, and have a good track record