House of Representatives
One of the two parts of Congress, considered the "lower house." Representatives are elected directly by the people, with the number of representatives for each state determined by the state's population.
One of the two parts of Congress, considered the "upper house." Senator are elected by the people and there are 2 from each state.
Speaker of the House
the person that oversees the house of reps who are a member of the house LEADER OF THE HOUSE
-prohibits a sitting Congress from giving itself a pay raise
-any new congressional salary increase will take effect after an intervening election
Political Action Committees
(PAC) an organization formed to collect money and provide financial support for political candidates
the SPeaker's top assistant whose job is to help plan the majority party's legislative program and to steer important bills through the House
the minimum number of members who must be present to permit a legislative body to take official action
president pro tempore
the Senate member, elected by the Senate, who stands in as president of the Senate in the absence of the vice president
a method of defeating a bill in which a senator talks until a majority either abandons the bill or agrees to modify it
a permanent committee in Congress that oversees bills that deal with certain kinds of issues
a group within a standing committee that specializes in a SUBCATEGORY of its standing committee's responsibility
a temporary committee formed to study one specific issues and report its findings to the Senate or the House
a committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings back to the House and the Senate
a temporary joint committee set up when the House and the Senate have passed different versions of the same bill
a system that gives the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
member of a lawmaker's personal staff who runs the lawmaker's office, supervises the schedule, and gives advice
a member of a lawmaker's personal staff that makes certain that the lawmaker is well informed about proposed legislation
How long does a session of congress last?
each session lasts one year and includes breaks for holidays and vacations
What are the qualifications to become a Representative?
25 years old
citizen for 7 years
legal resident of the state that elects them
What are the qualifications to become a Senator?
30 years old
citizen for 9 years
legal resident of the state they represent
What are the Characteristics of members of congress?
*nearly half are lawyers
*large number are from business, banking, and education
*typically white, middle-aged males
Why do congressional office holders rarely lose reelection?
1. easier to raise campaign funds cause they have worked with so many while representing their district
2. district gerrymandered in their party's favor
3. well-known to their voters
4. use their position to help solve voters' problems
What are the Vice President's responsibilities in the Senate?
*recognize members and put questions to a vote
*votes only if there is a tie
*can try to influence by personal contact
What are the limitations on the Vice President's participation in the Senate?
can not take part in Senate debates
How important are politics and political parties in congress?
house is organized around political parties