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Terms in this set (41)

1.Depressive symptoms- may be secondary to the physiological sequel of semi-starvation
2.Obessive compulsive factors
a. Both related and unrelated to things other than food.
b. Can be due to effect of starvation
3.Fear of eating in public
a. Not an issue or social phobia but an issue of the person being constantly worried about losing control(overeating,bringing) in front of others
4.Negative evaluation of self
a. The person is never happy with himself or herself, and they have a never-ending fear of gaining weight. Measure self-worth by weight.
5.Strong need to control
a. Need to control self, other people, and environment.
b. Controlled personality:
i. Inflexible thinking
ii. Limited Social spontaneity
iii. Restrained initiative- restricting themselves to opportunities
iv. Restricted emotional expression
6. Compared to the restricting type, being-eating/purging type have:
a. Other impulse control problems
b. Substance abuse
c. Mood lability
i. The person is more able to express emotions, and more reactive to internal needs and environment. More fluctuation
d. Sexually active
i. Restricting type nervous about being romantically involved with someone because this may cause them to be in situations with food.
7. Medical Complications:
a. Same medical problems associated with bulimia nervous
b. semi-starvation also affects most major organ system
c. Hospitalization may be required
i. 10% of these people that need hospitalization will die due to consequences of starvation or suicide
A. Three classes of drugs:
1. Depressants
a.E.g. alcohol
2. Simulants
a. E.g. cocaine
3. Hallucinogens
E.g. marijuana
B. Two types of of substance use disorders
1. Substance Dépendance- more intense in terms of effects on life and health
2. Substance abuse
C. Substance Dependence
1. a maladaptive pattern of substance abuse, leading to clinically significant impairment or distress ( at least three of the following) :
a.tolerance: need for markedly increased amounts to achieve desired effect
i. Postive reinforcement
ii. Withdrawal: unpleasant and sometimes dangerous symptoms when suddenly stop taking or reduce dosage
iii. Negative reinforcement
iv. Relapse is seen in those who go back to the environment in which they first consumed a certain drug
1. Reason is that withdrawal is classically conditioned-experiencing a need to decrease negative emotions and symptoms
2. Also need due to peer pressure
v. Treatment should be targeted at reducing negative reinforcement
c.Substance is often taken in larger amounts over a longer period then intended
1.Cirteria continued:
a. Persistant desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down
b. great deal of time spent in activities necessary to obtain or use the substance, or recover from its effect.
c. Important social, occupation, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of abuse
d. Reduces personals ability to develop actualization- what they want to achieve in life is being sacrificed
e.Use is continued despite knowledge by the substance