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woms 210 exam 2

Terms in this set (97)

Christian Egalitarianism- believe that Jesus' teachings, affirmed by Apostles, abolished gender-specific roles in the church and in marriage. Egalitarians support the ordination of women and equal roles in marriage, but are more conservative, theologically and morally than Christian feminists. Some Christian Egalitarians believe: both women and men were created equal by God and Neither man nor woman was cursed by God at The Fall of Man but were warned by God what were the natural consequences of sin having entered the human race.
Complementarianism- believe God made men and women equal in personhood and value but different roles in church and home. Official Statement was Danvers MA Statement on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood which presents biblical rationale for male priority and female submission in religion and the family. It also cites concerns about gender such as increasing attention to feminist egalitarianism, upsurge of physical and emotional abuse in the family. Complementarians are biblical inerrantists- a literal view of biblical interpretation. (Man was created with "headship" over women by being created first, Female exclusion from leadership over men justified due to her deception by devil, which led to The Fall, for which Adam is also culpable, and Old and New Testaments show male leadership.) Believe that both Old and New Testaments establish a male-priority based hierarchy and gender roles in the church and marriage, where women have equal dignity with men but subordinate roles
Biblical Patriarchy- Affirms the equality of men and women, but goes further in expression of the different gender roles- states "a husband and father is the head of his household, a family leader, provider, and protector" and the "God-ordained and proper sphere of dominion for a wife is the household and that which is connected with the home." Maintains that women do not have authority over men in the church and in the home, but also deny that women should rule in the civic sphere.
Christian Feminism- a movement that challenges some traditional Christian interpretations of Scripture with respect to roles for women. They seek to advance and understand the equality of men and women morally, socially, spiritually, and in leadership from a Christian perspective. They argue that contributions by women in all those areas are necessary for a complete understanding of Christianity. Support homoSEXUAL rights and pro-choice stance on abortion. Major issues include the ordination of women, male dominance in Christian marriage, recognition of equal spiritual and moral abilities, reproductive rights, and the search for a feminine or gender-transcendent divine.