17 terms

Chapter 3: Observing Children: A Tool For Assessment

review for chapter 3 test in Working With Young Children
is the process of observing, recording, and documenting children's growth and behavior
developmental norms
are characteristics and behaviors considered normal for children in specific age groups
anecdotal records
the simplest form of direct observation, is a brief narrative account of specific incident
are designed to record the presence or absence of specific traits or behaviors
participation chart
can be developed to gain information on specific aspects of children's behavior
rating scale
are used to record the degree to which a quality or trait is present
is a collection of materials that shows a person's abilities, accomplishments and progress overtime
Direct Observations
is when behavior or events are observed while something is happening.
Indirect Observations
the observer is not always present and someone else is telling you want they saw happened
Objective Observations
Just what you see
Subjective Observations
using your opinion in telling someone something
assessment information is this but should be shared with child's parents
on-going assessments
provide more in-depth information and useful in tracking child's progress and change
informal observation
most often used to collect data by preschool teachers and more appropriate for program planning
the process of reviewing information and finding value in it
formal observation
standardized tests and research instruments used to identify developmental norms
purposes of assessment
plan developmentally appropriate curriculum, gain insight into child's learning style and needs, interests, strengths and weaknesses, identify classroom problems or special needs