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75 terms

Protist/Fungi (with pictures)

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Animal-like Protists
These organisms are also called protozoans
Fungi
These are multicellular eukaryotes with cell walls made of chitin
Fungus
Forms a lichen with an algae
Plant-like Protists
These make their own food through photosynthesis
Fungus-like Protists
Protists that are heterotrophs
Animal-like Protists
These are classified by how they move
Fungus-like Protists
These are protists that absorb their nutrients from other organisms
Fungi
These contain hyphae and mycelia
Fungi
This is a source of penicillin and cyclosporin
Animal-like Protists
Can cause African Sleeping Sickness and Chagas disease
Fungi
These can cause oral thrush, athlete's foot and ringworm
Fungi
Decomposers that can be used to clean the environment of pollutants
An example of a ciliate
Paramecium
An example of a sarcodine
Amoeba
Called phytoplankton if unicellular
Algae
Have cartenoids, store food as oil and cell walls made of silica
Diatoms
These are bioluminescent and produce blooms
Dinoflagellates
Examples are mushrooms and this is their common name
Club Fungi
Chrysophytes
These are the yellow, golden brown algae
Brown algae
Kelp, large plant-like organisms, have bladders to keep them floating
Green algae
Examples of this include volvox, desmids and spirogyra
Red Algae
These live in very deep water
Euglenoids
These have flagella and can either be heterotrophs or photosynthesize
Zygomycetes
Bread mold; spores contained in structures called sproangia
Sac Fungi
Spores are called conidia and are in a sac called an ascus
Bacillariophyta
Diatoms belong to this phylum
Pyrophyta
Dinoflagellates belong to this phylum
Euglenophyta
Euglenoids belong to this phylum
Phaeophyta
Brown algae belong to this phylym
Zygomycota
Bread mold belongs to this phylum
Ascomycota
Sac fungi belong to this phylum
Basiodmycota
Club fungi belong to this phylum
Myxomycota
Acellular slime molds belong to this phylum
Acrasiomycota
Cellular slime molds belong to this phylum
Eukaryote
Cells with a nucleus and organelles
Cilia
Hair-like projections uses for movement and to help usher food into the oral groove
Trichocysts
An elongated, cylindrical structure that can discharge a spine-like structure used for defense or to capture prey.
Contractile Vacoule
Structure in which excess water (from osmosis) is collected then pumped out.
Pellicle
Paremecium are enclosed by a layer of membrane called this; this structure in euglenoids helps it crawl through mud
Micronucleus
This structure is used for reproduction in ciliates
Macronucleus
This structure contains multiple copies of the cell's genome which controls the everyday functions such as feeding, waste elimination and water balance.
Pseudopod
Temporary extension of cytoplasm; this is how the amoeba moves (structures at A)
Test
These are found in foraminiferans and radiolarians (which are types of amoebas); a hard, porous covering that surrounds the cell membrane, similar to a shell
Spores
Reproductive cells that form without fertilization and produce a new organism (cloudy mist are the microscopic structures)
Flagella
In euglenoids, these help propel them toward food or light.
Eyespot
A light-sensitive receptor that helps guide the euglenoid toward light for photosynthesis
Alternation of Generations
A life cycle of algae that takes two generations - one sexually and one asexually
Gametophyte
This is the haploid form of an organism because it produces gametes
Sporophyte
This is the diploid form of the organism; they divide by meiosis
Mycelium
Many hyphae tangled together to form a thick mass
Saprobe
These organisms obtain food from decaying organic matter
Budding
Unicellular yeast cells reproduce by this asexual process; a new cell develops while attached to the parent cell
Fragmentation
A form of asexual reproduction that occurs when the mycelium of a fungus is broken apart
Stolons
Type of mold hyphae that spread across the surface of food
Rhizoids
Another type of mold hyphae that penetrates food and absorb nutrients
Sac; bag
The prefix asco- means
Green
The prefix cholor- means
True; good
The prefix eu- means
Whip
The prefix flagell- means
Nucleus
The prefix karyo- means
Large
The prefix macro- means
Small
The prefix micro- means
Fungi
The prefix myc- means
Plant
The prefix phyto- means
Foot
The suffix -pod (or -ped, -pede) means
Before; primary
The prefix proto- means
False
The prefix pseudo- means
Carry; bear
The suffix -phore means
Root
The prefix rhiz- means
Seed
The prefix sporo- means
Together; with
The prefix sym- means
Poison
The prefix tox- means
Thread-like
The prefix trich- means
Animal
The prefix zoo- means
Decay
The prefix sapro- means