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50 terms

Anthropology

next fridays exam 24th
STUDY
PLAY
Anthropology as a discipline emerged following which world event
B European exploration and colonialism
Before anthropology , which of the following narrative explained human diversity and other cosmic questions
A Biblical framework
Which of the following is not true about Armchair Anthropology
D All of the above
In your text, the term "other" is used to refer to non western peoples . This term is problematic because
C Using the term is ethocentric and stereotypes other cultures
For many blank anthropologists , the goal of anthropology is to explain patterns of cultural difference and similarity , as well as the patterns of cultural change
A Scientific
According to the theory proposed by Charles Darwin
D All of the above
The anthropologists of the 19th century adopted the biological evolutionary theory and believed that cultures transformed over time into more complex and superior cultures.
B Unilineal Evolutionists
According to the unilineal evolutionists, the non- western cultures being documented in the 19th century were
C In an earlier stage of cultural evolution
The scholars who are considered the first cultural anthropologists were
A Unilinean Evolutionists
The theory of unilineal evolution
D All of these are true unilineal evolution
Who is considered the father of American anthropology
C Franz Boas
From the perspective of blank , every culture is a unique product of its own historical events and circumstances
C Historical Particularlism
Which of these early anthropologists championed historical particularism
B Franz Boas
Where did historical particularism first emerge
USA
Franz Boas believed that anthropologists
C should gather more fatcual information about other cultures by conducting fieldwork
Which of these is not a contribution of Franz Boas to field of anthropology
D All of these are contributions boas
Which of these anthropologists first popularized neoevolutionism as an important methodological principle?
A Leslie white and Julian Steward
According to text book, the primary criticism of historical particularism is that
A overlooks the ways in which cultures are similar
Blank explains cultural features by the benefits those cultural features provide to members of the society
D Funcationalism
Who is credited with establishing functionalism to the field of anthropology
A Bronislaw Malinowski
Which of these has become a major issue within the development of a global anthropology
A Representation of different cultures without prejudice
The neoevolutionist, Leslie White
A thought that technological changes caused changes in many areas of culture
Which of the following are theories that anthropologists use today
D A and C are correct
The question of representation is of concern primarily for blank anthropologists
B Humanistic
Humanistic anthropologists do not believe a science of culture is possible because
D All of these are arguements of humanistic anthropology against a scientific approach
Which of the following looks at culture as a system of adaptation to the natural world
B Scientific approach
What is the purpose of anthropological research
B to record descriptions of specific peoples and explain cultural diversity
Anthropological research that collects and records descriptive data about the cultures of different peoples is called
A Ethnography
This process of explaining the diversity of cultural systems in the past and present called
C Ethnology
Margaret Mead conducted fieldwork in New Guinea before and after WWII to see how the culture changed following the war. In anthropology, this type of research is called
D Diachronic research
What does ethnographic fieldwork consist of
D all of these are part of ethnographic fieldwork
When an anthropologist asks a limit number of questions , for example about economic status or size of families , this is called blank
C a structured interview
Which of these statements aobut unstructured interview is true
A is often open ended questions used to understand how certain systems are performed in a given culture
Which of the following is a limitation of interviewing as a fieldwork method
D All of the above are possible limitation
To document practices that have largely disappeared , that some older people may recall form their youth , which method would an anthropologist use
C Recall ethnography
In order to understand the basic dynamics of cultural systems , Bronislaw Malinowski introduced and popularized the method of
B Participant obervation
Engaging in participant observation requires
B Living with a group of people for an extended period of time to understand all aspects of people's life
Which of these is a benefit of conducting participant observation
D All of these are benefits of participant observation
Which of these is not commonly used by anthropologists
A telephone interviews
Non western peoples often have preconceived ideas about Westerners, believing for example that anthropologists are making alot of money fro mtheir research . This is one aspect of the problem of blank that affects virtually every fieldwork situation
A Stereotyping
According to the code of ethics of American Anthropological Association, the primary obligation of the anthropologists is to
A the people of the community being studied
What is Key informant
A a local expert with whom the ethnographer spends much time
The psychological and often physiological symptoms that one develops in response to being in unfamilar environment , eating strange foods, without anyone with whom to share one's feelings of anxiety , is termed blank
B Culture shock
Why most anthropologists view fieldwork as rite of passage
D a and B are correct
What is the study of past culturall systems through the use of written records called
C Ethnohistory
Which of the following is an ethnohistorian primarily interested in
D reconstructing the cultural system of people
In order to formulate generalizations concerning cultural systems , anthropogists must use blank
A comparative methods
In order to make cross cultural comparisons anthropologists
B test hypotheses by testing for correlationd between particular cultural variables
The method that compares diachronic data while controlling for historical and enivronmental factors called blank
C controlled comparisons
To investigate the question of whether matrilineal or partilineal systems adapt better to changing conditions, which research method is most appropriate
C controlled comparisons