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By default, Vista automatically defrags a drive every ____.

Wednesday at 1:00 a.m

If you are having problems with a hard drive, volume, or mounted drive, check ____ for events about the drive that might have been recorded there.

Event Viewer

Depending on how fragmented the drive and how large the drive, defragmenting it can take less than an hour or as long as all night


To make sure the drive is healthy, you need to search for and repair file system errors using the Windows ____ utility.


You can install an OS on a spanned or striped volume that uses software RAID.


____________________ restores the system to its condition at the time a snapshot was taken of the system settings and configuration.

System Rsestore

Space on the disk is marked as ____________________ if it has not yet been partitioned.


When a hard drive is first sensed by Windows, it is assigned the ____ disk status.


Besides backing up user data or system files, you can also back up the entire hard drive using Windows Vista ____.

Complete PC backup

The ____ command creates a subdirectory under a directory.


A file with a .bat file extension is called a ____ file.


When a new hard drive is first installed in a system, you must first initialize the disk.


The user folder for an account contains a group of subfolders called the user ____.

Profile namespace

When you back up the system state, the registry is also backed up to the folder ____.


For Windows XP, use the ____ to see which service packs are installed.

System Properties box

____ creates restore points at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware.

System Protection

If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, you can press ____ to do so.


Currently, Microsoft offers four service packs for Windows XP.


You can use ____ to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks.

Disk Management

A dynamic disk requires ____ MB of storage for the disk management database.


Rearranges files on the drive into as few segments as possible


Searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible

Chkdsk utility

Used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system

Virtual memory

A hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C


An extra copy of a data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed


The files critical to a successful operating system load

System state data

A volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space

Mounted drive

Can span more than one hard drive

Dynamic volumes

Can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive

Basic disk

Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it's important to delete unneeded files occasionally.


The ____________________ is the folder on another volume for the mounted drive.

Mount Point

A disk marked as dynamic can be used with other dynamic disks in a spanned or ____ volume.


Use the ____ command to defrag the drive from a command prompt window.


To protect a system against malicious attack, you need to verify that ____ software is configured to scan the system regularly and that it is up-to-date.


As you work at the command prompt, you can use ____________________ characters in a filename to say that the command applies to a group of files or to abbreviate a filename if you do not know the entire name.


____________________ happens over time as Windows writes files, deletes files, and writes new files to your drive.


Files can end up in ____ segments all over the drive.


To view and manually install updates, click ____, and then follow the directions on-screen.

Start, All programs, and Windows Updates

Windows Vista Ultimate offers language packs through ____.

Windows Update

____________________ restores the system to its condition at the time a snapshot was taken of the system settings and configuration.

system restore

When a new hard drive is first installed in a system, you must first initialize the disk.


A snapshot of the system settings and configuration is called

restore point

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