61 terms

Ready for IELTS Unit 5: The Future

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agricultural
related to farming
society
people in general, living together in communities
dominant
more important, powerful or noticeable than other things
general public
ordinary people who are not members of a particular group or organization
governing
having the right and the authority to control something such as a country or an institution
elite
a group of people in a society, etc. who are powerful and have a lot of influence, because they are rich, intelligent, etc
indigenous people
the people who belong to a particular place rather than coming to it from somewhere else
thriving
to become, and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc.
urban
connected with a town or city
industry
the production of goods from raw materials, especially in factories
luxurious
very comfortable; containing expensive and enjoyable things
populous
where a large number of people live
spacious
large and with plenty of space for people to move around in
anticipate
to expect something
estimate (v)
to form an idea of the cost, size, value etc. of something, but without calculating it exactly
estimate (n)
a judgment that you make without having the exact details or figures about the size, amount, cost, etc. of something
expectation
a belief that something will happen because it is likely
forecast
a statement about what will happen in the future, based on information that is available now
predict
to say that something will happen in the future
project (v)
(1) to plan an activity, a project etc. for a time in the future (2) to estimate what the size, cost or amount of something will be in the future based on what is happening now
undisputed
that cannot be questioned or proved to be false; that cannot be disputed
saturate
to fill something/somebody completely with something so that it is impossible or useless to add any more
concentrate
(1)to bring something together in one place, (2) to increase the strength of a substance by reducing its volume, for example by boiling it
have a clear lead
to obviously be in the position ahead of everyone else in a race or competition
sole purpose
the only aim or purpose
multi-
more than one; many
multicultural
for or including people of several different races, religions, languages and traditions
pessimistic
expecting bad things to happen or something not to be successful; showing this
optimistic
expecting good things to happen or something to be successful; showing this feeling
preview (of a movie)
an occasion at which you can see a film/movie, a show, etc. before it is shown to the general public
exhibition
a collection of things, for example works of art, that are shown to the public
restrictions
a rule or law that limits what you can do or what can happen
come up
(1) to appear, (2) to happen
register
to record your/somebody's/something's name on an official list (if you register for a class, you sign up for it)
complimentary
given free
spur of the moment
suddenly, without planning in advance
book (verb)
to arrange to have or use something on a particular date in the future; to buy a ticket in advance
generation
all the people who were born at about the same time
companion
a person or an animal that travels with you or spends a lot of time with you
pragmatic
solving problems in a practical and sensible way rather than by having fixed ideas or theories
elderly
used as a polite word for 'old'
impediment
something that delays or stops the progress of something
grass-roots
ordinary people in society or in an organization, rather than the leaders or people who make decisions
have the upper hand
to get an advantage over somebody so that you are in control of a particular situation
vital sign
a measurement that shows that somebody is alive, such as the rate of their breathing, their body temperature or their heartbeat
surpass
to do or be better than somebody/something
bipedal
using only two legs for walking
bi-
two
-ped-
foot, feet
eyes on the prize
you should keep your focus on achieving a positive end result.
wow (verb)
to impress somebody very much, especially with a performance
artificial
made or produced to copy something natural; not real
receptionist
a person whose job is to deal with people arriving at or telephoning a hotel, an office building, a doctor'ssurgery, etc.
potentially
that can develop into something or be developed in the future
innovation
the introduction of new things, ideas or ways of doing something
dominate
(1) to be the most important or noticeable feature of something, (2) to be the largest, highest or most obvious thing in a place
on hire
to rent, to pay money to borrow something for a short time
proportion
a part or share of a whole
respectively
in the same order as the people or things already mentioned
former
used to refer to the first of two things or people mentioned
latter
being the second of two things, people or groups that have just been mentioned, or the last in a list