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Balance of Power

condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries


invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory


a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland


a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent

compact state

a state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly

elongated state

a state with a long, narrow shape

fragmented state

a state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory


a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control


control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society

landlocked state

a state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea


a state that encompasses a very small land area

perforated state

a state that completely surrounds another one

prorupted state

an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension

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