The 1950s and The Cold War
Terms in this set (57)
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
House Un-American Activities Committee
an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
GI Bill of Rights
Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education
concentration on producing and distributing goods for a market which must constantly be enlarged.
small structures, usually underground, equipped with water, food, and supplies; places to go for safety in case of a nuclear attack
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdam, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
a U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
one that is dominated politically and economically by a more powerful nation
The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.
Nonconformist's in th 1950's in Greenwich Village Area of NYC. Led by poeple such as writer Jack Kerouac and poet Allen Ginsberg, they believed and encouraged individuality in an age of conformity. Used drugs, wrote poetry, and rebelled: formed mold from which hippies would come.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government. Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
National Defense Education Act provided money for education and training in science, math, and foreign languages
the first artificial satellite, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957
hydrogen bomb invented in 1950's, MORE powerful than atomic bomb, example of Cold War arms race
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
Rock 'n Roll
became a popular music genre in the fifties with the introduction of Elvis Presley
Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private members, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
People's Republic of China
Communist government of mainland China; proclaimed in 1949 following military success of Mao Zedong over forces of Chiang Kai-shek and the Guomindang.
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
Provided for college or vocational training for returning WWII veterens as well as one year of unemployment compensation. Also provided for loans for returning veterens to buy homes and start businesses.
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Cuban Missile Crisis
an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
A cohort of individuals born in the United States between 1946 and 1964, which was just after World War II in a time of relative peace and prosperity. These conditions allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility.
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
emerged as a leader in the Soviet Union after the death of dictator Stalin. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. He became the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1974.
white singer born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi; chief revolutionary of popular music in the 1950s, fused black rhythm and blues with white bluegrass and country styles; created a new musical idiom known forever after as rock and roll
Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.
J Edgar Hoover
FBI directer who urged HUAC to hold public hearings on communist subversion to find communist sympathisers and fellow travelers to isolate them and their influence. FBI sends agents to infiltrate groups suspected of subversion and wiretoppa telephnones
This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
president 1953-61; lessen Cold War tensions; ended Korean War; coordinated Operation Overlord before becoming president
Dr. Jonas Salk
Developed the polio vaccine
Federal Communications Commission
an independent government agency that regulates interstate and international communications by radio and television and wire and cable and satellite
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
was the author of the best-selling book On the Road, which epitomized the Beat Generation of the late 1940s and early 1950s.
American artist known for her abstract paintings during the 1920s
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong.
Ethel and Julius were accused of stealing and plotting to convey atomic secrets to Soviet agents. A jury found them guilty of espionage, Albert Einstein, the pope, and the president of France all pleaded for clemency. They died in the electric chair on June 19, 1953.
John F. Kennedy
president during part of the Cold War and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about the crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet union to withdraw their missiles. other events during his term was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnam war.
Interstate Highway Act
1956 law that authorized the spending of $32 billion to build 41,000 miles of highway
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact. In 1955, the Soviet Union countered NATO with the formation of the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance among those nations within its own sphere of influence.
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
First established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
Allowed the government to apply for a court order to delay for 80 days any strike that threatened public health or safety.
"Are you now, or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?"
"The buck stops here."
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Treiste in the Adriatic, an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent."
"You have a row of dominoes set up, you knock over the first one and ... the last one ... will go over very quickly."