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87 terms

Medical Terminology: Urinary

Medical Terminology 121 COM
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anuria
absence of urine formation
azotemia
presence of increased amounts of nitrogenous waste products in the blood
bladder
urinary - muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
catheter
flexible, tube-like device, for withdrawing or instilling fluids
cystocele
protrusion of the bladder
cystography
radiographic imaging of the bladder
cystorrhaphy
suturing of the bladder
cystolith
stone in the bladder
diuresis
condition of urine passing through (increased amount of urnine)
dysuria
difficult or painful urination
enuresis
involuntary urination
epispadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
fulguration
destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to destroy bladder growths)
glomerulus
cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
hematuria
blood in the urine
hilum
indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney
hydronephrosis
abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distention of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)
hypospadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis, a similar defect can occur in the female
incontinence
inability to control bladder and/or bowels
kidney
organs that remove waste products from the blood
KUB
a simple radiographic image of the abdomen
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone or calculus
meatal
pertaining to the meatus
meatotomy
incision of the urinary meatus
micturate
to urinate or void
nephroblastoma
kidney tumor containing developing cells (malignant tumor) (also called Wilms' tumor)
nephrogram
radiographic image of the kidney
nephrohypertrophy
excessive developement (increase in size) of the kidney
nephrolithiasis
condition of stone(s) in the kidney
nephrology
study of the kidney
nephrolysis
separating the kidney (from other body structures)
nephroma
tumor of the kidney
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
nephropexy
surgical fixation of the kidney
nephrotomogram
sectional radiographic image of the kidney
nocturia
night urination
oliguria
scanty urine
polyuria
much (excessive urine)
pyelitis
inflamation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflamation of the renal pelvis and kidney
pyeloplasty
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyuria
puss in the urine
renal pelvis
funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter
renogram
(graphic) record of the kidney
intravenous urogram
radiographic image of the urinary tract
specific gravity
a test performed on a urine specimen to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys
UA
multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen
uremia
condition of urea in the blood
ureter
tubes that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder
ureterolithiasis
condition of stones in the ureters
ureteroscopy
visual examination of the ureter
ureterostenosis
narrowing of the ureter
urethra
lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
urethrocystitis
inflammation of the the urethra and the bladder
urethroplasty
surgical repair of the urethra
urethroscope
instrument used for visual examination of the urethra
urinalysis
multiple routine tests perfromed on a urine specimen
urinary meatus
opening through which the urine passes to the outside
urinary retention
abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate
urinary suppression
sudden stopage of urine formation
urodynamics
pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract
urologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the urinary tract
UTI
infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
vesicotomy
incision of the bladder
void
to empty or evacuate waste material, especially urine
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
nephritis
inflammation of the the kidney
nephromegaly
enlargement of the kidney
ureteritis
inflammation of the ureter
ureterocele
protrusion of a ureter (distally into the bladder)
polycystic kidney disease
condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
renal calculus
stone in the kidney
renal failure
loss of kidney function resulting in its inability to remove waste products from the body and maintain electrolyte balance
renal hypertension
elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
cystectomy
excision of the bladder
cystolithotomy
incision of the bladder to remove a stone
cystorrhaphy
suturing the bladder
cystostomy
creating an artificial opening into the bladder
cystotomy, vesicotomy
incision into the bladder
nephrectomy
excision of the kidney
nephrolithotomy
incision of a kidney to remove a stone
nephrolithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone in the kidney
nephrostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the kidney
pyelolithotomy
incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone