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Chapter 24

The New Era
STUDY
PLAY
auto-mobile
industry that was a new and rapidly growing
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger;many industries were practicing this
minimum comfort level
66% of Americans weren't able to reach their...
welfare capitalism
the notion of using benefits to gain workers' loyalty, improve worker morale
William Green
second president of the AFL, an advocate of labor-management cooperation
pink collar jobs
low paying jobs for women
barrios
where many Mexican and Mexican Americans of the California region ended up living
American Plan
Policy promoted by business leaders during the 1920's that called for open shops.
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Union founded to help African Americans who worked for the Pullman Company.
down
During the new era union membership went...
tenantry
those that didn't leave the farm were forced into...
American Farm Bureau Federation
organization dedicated to promoting, protecting, and representing the interests of farmers
parity
government-supported level for the prices of agricultural products, intended to keep farmers' incomes steady.
McNary-Haugen Bill
sought to keep agricultural prices high by having the government buy surpluses to sell abroad
expand
Automobile's helped to ______ people's geographical horizon
The Man Nobody Knows
book written by Bruce Barton and talked about how Jesus was the father of modern business.
The Saturday Evening Post
first magazine to achieve a general interest, mass audience
the readers digest
magazine that responded to modern life
Time
magazine that conducted the news
The Jazz Singer
First movie with sound
Will Hays
Established a set of moral standards for the movies which lasted until the 60's
Motion Picture Association
created to make Hollywood more responsible in movies it produced
KDKA
First commercial broadcasting station
Abundant Religion
book written by a liberal protestant spokesman
new professional woman
used to describe the women that were joining the workplace
compassionate marriage
In theory gave wives laws and rank, but in reality it gave domestic tyranny
Margaret Sanger
headed an organized birth control movement, she championed the use of contraceptives
flapper
young woman in the 1920s who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting
Sheppard-Towner Act
Provided federal funding for maternity and child care
self-made man
this image had a decline due to new proof shown that hard work doesn't always advance you
lost Americans
lost sight of morals and values
debunkers
people who expose/throw out old ideas
Harlem Renaissance
period when African-American achievements in art, music, and literature flourished.
agrarians
most of southerners were called this due to their society being an alternative to industrialization
noble experiment
what prohibition was also called
Al Capone
United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition
rural protestants
group that continued to defend prohibition and supported religious fundamentalism
Eighteenth Amendment
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
National Origins Act
law that placed strict quotas on immigration into the US
Second Ku Klux Klan
organization against immigrants, Jews, and Catholics, supported "native" Americanism.
Charles Darwin
Religious fundamentalists opposed the evolutionary teachings of...
William Jennings Bryan
Lawyer for the state of TN in the Scopes Trial
Scopes Trial
trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
Al Smith
4 time gov. of NY; democratic candidate against Hoover; very 'wet', Catholic, and urban
Warren G. Harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI
Calvin Coolidge
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals, business prospered
Ohio Gang
Harding's "advisors" who played poker, drank, and smoked with him in the White House
TeaPot Dome
Naval oil reserve in Wyoming that gave its name to one of the major Harding administration scandals
1924 Election
Between Calvin Coolidge (R) and John Davis (D), Coolidge won be receiving almost double the vote
Herbert Hoover
President of the United States when the stock market crashed and the economy collapsed
Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co.
Ruling: The Child Labor Tax law is unconstitutional
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
Supreme Court that overturns minimum wage for women