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Walt Whitman

worked with bold strokes on a large canvas; sociable, loved company

Emily Dickinson

worked with the delicacy of a miniaturist; private and shy

Dickinson's expectations about her audience

homebody; peered through her curtains and found metaphors in nature

Whitman's expectations about his audience

expected that his celebration of universal brotherhood would be carried to the future

Leaves of Grass

the story of a pleasant young man who never found himself-made him famous

Dickinson's career as a poet began ________________.

After her death


the long, easy sweep of sound that echoes the Bible and the speeches of orators and preachers-whitman

free verse

poetry without rhyme or meter-whitman

Dickinson's style of writing

wrote with the precision of a diamond cutter; demands of rhyme and meter found in a hymn book

Dickinson and Whitman together mark a turning point in American poetry

They strayed away from literacy conventions


a list of things, people or events that are related in some way-whitman

parallel structure

refers to the repetition of words, phrases, and sentences that have same grammatical structures

Different kind of wokers in I Hear America Singing

singing workers

theme of I Hear America Singing

Each worker sings what belongs to him or her and no one else

calalog of I Hear America Singing

the workers

repetition of words in I Hear America Singing


repetition of phrases in I Hear America Singing


repetition of sentence patterns in I Hear America Singing

The (worker) singing as (verb)

reasons why whitman wrote about these people

they work hard, but they are happy about it

whitmans attitude torwards work

it is a joyous thing, and worth singing about

I Hear America Singing's tone



the repetition of consonant sounds


the repetition of vowel sounds


the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings


restate a writer's ideas in your own words


includes only the most important details

walt whitman and themes

never states his themes directly


a summing up and restatement of the different themes running throughout the poem

point of view in Song of Myself

first person

where the speaker is in Song of Myself

under your boot-soles

parallelism in Song of Myself

I stop somewhere waiting for you

exact rhyme

accented syllables and all following syllables of two or more words share the same sound

slant rhyme

a close, but not exact, rhyming sound

a major element of Emily Dickinson's poetry

figures of speech


comparisions of two unlike things


comparisions that do not use exact words of comparision


a type of metaphor that gives inanimate things human characteristics

extended metaphors

metaphors developed over several lines or even the whole poem

big metaphor in If You Were Coming in the Fall

Subtrating until my fingers dropped

If You Were Coming in the Fall waiting for a bee sting and waiting for her love

she does not like being alone

situational irony

a contrast between what happens and what we expect to happen

verbal irony

a contrast between what is said and what is meant

dramatic irony

when the reader knows something a character does not know

Because I Count Not Stop For Death-Describes death in an ironic way


Because I Could Not Stop For Death-children symbolism


Because I Could Not Stop For Death-fields of grain symbolism

adult life

Because I Could Not Stop For Death-sunset symbolism


Because I Could Not Stop For Death-house symbolism


Because I Could Not Stop For Death-when /where the poem ends

she is looking back at her life, heaven/hell

When I Died-as the speaker dies

she hears a fly buzz

When I Died-they expect to see______ and they really see__________


how Emerson responded to the war

maintained his conviction that the war must not be pursued

BattlePieces and Aspects of the War

often dark and foreboding-based on real-life experiences of the war

works of literary significance in the war


realistic novel

had not fully been developed in the US


subject drawn from the slums of the cities-factories were replacing farmland


often unrealistic in their depiction of character and social enviroment


attempted to dissect human behavior with as much objectivity as a scientist would use.

Henry James

concentrated on fine distinctions in charcter motivation

In Song of Myself, number 33, Whitman catalogs all the following heroes —

women condemned as witches,runaway slaves being chased by slave catchers,firefighters trapped in burning buildings

In Song of Myself, number 33, Whitman lists heroes who are —

ordinary people

Douglass explains that his purpose is to —

show how a slave was made a man

While fanning wheat, Douglass collapses because —

the heat and work has made him ill

Douglass leaves the plantation to —

get help from Master Thomas, his owner

Jenkins advises Douglass to carry a root that will —

make it impossible for any white man to whip Douglass

Douglass thinks the root may bring him good luck because Covey —

treats him kindly upon his return

When Covey tries to bind Douglass's legs with a rope, Douglass —

fights back by grabbing Covey by the throat

When Covey calls out and asks Bill to help subdue Douglass, Bill —

refuses to get involved

For six months after this incident, —

Covey never touches Douglass

During the course of this selection, Douglass shows how he —

moves from fear to defiance

At the end of the selection, Douglass —

regains his sense of freedom and dignity

using a metaphor comparing his appearance to that of a "man who had escaped a den of wild beasts," Douglass suggests that —

slaves are treated like beasts, but the slaves' owners are the real beasts

Which of the following sets of images does Douglass use in the metaphor that concludes the selection?

Embers, a tomb, and heaven

Douglass achieves his purpose by —

using description, narration, and persuasion

At first, Mrs. Sommers thinks that she will spend her fifteen dollars on —

clothing for her children

At the beginning of the story, Mrs. Sommers is characterized as a —

dutiful, caring parent

What can you infer about Mrs. Sommers's past?

She had more money and lived a more gracious life.

How do the silk stockings affect Mrs. Sommers?

When she touches them, she wants more things.

You can conclude from the events in this story that —

silk stockings were an expensive luxury

After Mrs. Sommers buys the stockings, what is her next purchase?

A pair of beautiful leather shoes

Mrs. Sommers also allows herself the luxury of a —

meal at a nice restaurant and a play

Mrs. Sommers's new clothes make her feel —


At the matinée, Mrs. Sommers —

very much enjoys the performance

Before she buys herself some luxuries, Mrs. Sommers is likely motivated by all of the following forces except —

political forces to vote

What motivates Mrs. Sommers to treat herself to some luxuries?

She is likely acting on an impulse.

Each of the objects that Mrs. Sommers buys is —

an unnecessary extravagance

Analyzing the historical context of "A Pair of Silk Stockings" is most important for understanding why Mrs. Sommers —

is filled with importance when she gets fifteen dollars

modernist movement

movement in literature, painting, music, and other arts called for bold experiments

3 aspects of the american dream

america as a new eden, a belief in progress, triumph of the individual

postwar writers

became skeptical of the New England Puritan tradition and the gentility that had been central to the literary ideal

stream of conciousness

abandoned chronoloy and attempted to imitate the moment-by-moment flow of a character's perceptions and memories

life in France

F. Scott Fitzgerald-many american writers and artists left America

3 characteristics of the Hemingway Hero

man of action, a warrior, a touh competitor.

voices of american character

poets who stayed at home and told their stories in plain american language

voices of the african american experience

poetry based on its rhythms on spiritual jazz-blues

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

dialogue of Death of a Hired Man

between a man and his wife as they discuss Silas, the working man

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter


unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable


a poem that is written to follow a more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables


a guess based on information in the text and on your own knowledge and experience

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