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Love and Sexual Behavior (test 2)
Terms in this set (45)
Human sexual response can be triggered by one of two sources...
1. Nontactile sources
2. Tactile sources
no physical touching; cognitive, visual, and olfactory cues appear to play a role in why people become attracted to each other
Female Sexual Response Stages
1. excitement phase
2. plateau phase
3. orgasm phase
4. resolution phase
Male Sexual Response
males go through the exact same four stages, but the timing differs from females
mental schemata of how our interpersonal sexual SHOULD be enacted and with whom; they guide all human romantic/sexual behavior; they are a COMPOSITE OF EVERYTHING WE'VE LEARNED about how to behave romantically and sexually via rewards, punishment, imitation, modeling, and info we received growing up
Scripts also tend to differ by _______
Premarital sexual experiences became more and more accepted by the society between the __'s and __'s with advent of safe birth control.
Conservative Attitudes Toward Premarital Sex
exploded in the 80's; about the time HIV became public knowledge
Since the turn of the century, _______ attitudes have prevailed with people having sex earlier and more frequently than ever.
Today there are clear differences in attitudes towards casual sex between men and women, with males having more permissive attitudes. What idea is this consistent to?
Surveys consistently show that both males and females believe that....
males not only have a stronger sex drive but they also enjoy sex more. this is wrong, obviously
Females and males tend to attach different ___________ meanings to sex.
According to _________, sexual reproduction is the end-state purpose of sexual behavior.
the evolutionary mechanism that motivates us to engage in sexual behaviors
Two neurotransmitters associated with falling in love are...
norepinephrine and dopamine
love has also been found to be associated with this; it's an amino acid that converts norepinephrine and dopamine; when we meet someone we're attracted to, this skyrockets; these levels drop after about 3 years; this may explain that in 62 cultures the divorce rate peaks around the 4th year of marriage
Why do some marriages last beyond 4 years?
endorphins help move us from the initial passionate stage to a more romantic, attachment-like stage. endorphins produce feelings of well-being, attachment, warmth, and safety
another chemical produced by the brain that promotes cuddling behavior; produces feelings of relaxation, satisfaction, and attachment
Characteristics that are most attractive and adaptive for females to seek in potential male mates
1. has or can obtain resources for raising children
2. is willing to invest resources
3. can physically protect her and the children
4. has the capacity for good parenting
5. is compatible
6. is healthy
It's found that men who _____, ______, ______, ______ are preferred among women of ALL ages
good financial resources, are older, have high social status, are more ambitious, and are dependable and committed
What are the advantages for males to enter a long-term relationship?
1. they gain greater and exclusive sexual access to a given female increasing the likelihood of producing offspring
2. there is a greater likelihood that the offspring will survive with two parents
Evidence indicates that children raised by _________ have a distinct advantage in terms of their own health and survival and their ability to produce their own offspring later in life
When choosing sexual partners, males should focus on ______ and ________
fertility and reproductive value
Love involves the interaction of ___________, _________, and _________
passion (arousal), intimacy (closeness), commitment
infatuated love; while initially exciting, this type of love is unfulfilling because there's no intimacy or commitment and usually fades
liking; when you feel close with someone without passion and commitment; two people are good friends
sterile love; when you are only loyal and committed to your partner without passion and intimacy, you have love with no physical or emotional attraction; a "business" relationship
Passion + Intimacy
romantic love; without commitment, this type of relationship is not conducive to exclusivity (monogamy)
Passion + Commitment
fatuous love; couples that get married soon after meeting without time to build intimacy; ex: Hollywood Marriage
Intimacy + Commitment
companionate love; this is a long-term committed relationship with someone who is very emotionally close to us, but there is a void of passion, arousal, and excitement; people who have been married for a VERY long time often develop this kind of love and it actually often works
Intimacy + Passion + Commitment
consummate love; represents the true and fulfilling love that we all strive for
Kinsey Institute studies say that sexual orientation appears to be determined when?
before adolescents become sexually active
Kinsey Institute studies say that gay women and men usually find early childhood heterosexual experiences _________
Kinsey Institute studies say that parents' sexual identity did what in the development of child's sexual orientation?
DID NOT play a role
Storms' Interaction Model of Sexual Orientation
this argues that our sexual orientation will be determined by the interaction between our social environment and sexual development (biology)
Three Components of Storms' Model
1. at about 12 years old, kids' social environment changes (move to homosocial bonding)
2. at about the same time, children go through sexual puberty where things like fantasizing and masturbation become arousing and pleasurable; kids look to their social environments for fantasy cues
3. these two occurrences happen concurrently usually
What happens to boys and girls who go through puberty EARLY while they're still in the homo-social bonding phase of their lives?
they'll look to their social environment and incorporate same-gender cues into their sexual schemas and ultimately become gays and lesbians; data supporting this is very strong
Cass's Theory: Six Stages of Homosexuality Awareness and Acceptance
1. Identity Confusion
2. Identity Comparisons
3. Identity Tolerance
4. Identity Acceptance
5. Identity Pride
6. Identity Synthesis
begin to realize homosecuality relates to them; have dreams and fantasies about same sex others, but don't act on them
start to deal with questions about how their sexual preferences will affect family and friends; sense of loss at not being a part of hetero society; some become angry and devalue heterosexuality
they begin to accept their homosexuality; start to think about their emotional, sexual, and social needs as a gay or lesbian; start to search for others like them; greater tolerance for their own sexual identity
there's greater involvement in and more positive attitudes about the LGBT community; greater acceptance of own sexual identity; start to think about if, when, and how they will come out
openly identify with their sexual identity; develop a sense of pride with being homosexual; may attend gay functions like parades or political rallies; abandon attempts to hide their sexuality; there may be anger at this stage due to awareness of discrimination, homophobia, and profiling; become politically active and advocate LGBT community issues
start to realize that they, as homosexuals, have a valid place in society; begin to see that not all heterosexuals are enemies but that they are just different; the anger from stage 5 gives way to full self-acceptance as a gay man or lesbian
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