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111 terms

Children's Literature

PCC EE 412, Mrs. Sleeth, Spring Semester
STUDY
PLAY
Parts of a book
setting, poing of view, characterization, plot, theme, style
setting
when and where the story takes place
point of view
who is telling the story
characterization
the people in the book; develop naturally, real-life
plot
design of events or series of actions; KEY element in interest
theme
topic or main idea of the book
style
how the author uses language
unity of pictures and text
reflects mood and emotion of the work
action and media
two most important aspects of excellence in artwork
effective format
quality of paper, arrangement
influence of quality literature
emotional, intellectual, and spiritual
emotional influence
plot, beauty and rhythm of words
intellectual influence
people, places, ideas; gives natural verbal skills
spiritual influence
children imitate others; teaching character
worth while
appeals to all ages, standts test of time, intellectual, capturing
people centered
do the characters come to life
balanced story
love, joy, conflict, resolution
builds character
inspire love, courage, morality; right is uplifted, wrong is corrected
right example, right emphasis
two keys to reading aloud effectively
right example
the reading child is inspired by reading adult
right emphasis
reading aloud to children is the most important part of teaching the love of reading
5 benefits of reading aloud
aid in discovering quality books, enrich development of child, calm a restless group, entertainment, develop relationships
development of a child because of reading aloud
good listener, attention span, discussion of values
likes of nursery through 1st grade
simple plot, repetition, every day experiences
types of books for nursery through 1st grade
animal stories, learning books, rhyme and rhythm, simple humor
Clifford, Peter Rabbit
examples of animal books for nursery through 1st grade
Dr. Seuss, Curious George
examples of simple humor for nursery through 1st grade
likes of middle grades 2-4
series, chapter books, action/conflict
types of books for middle grades 2-4
historical fiction, mysteries, realistic horse/dog stories, fantasy
American Girl, Orphan Train
examples of historical fiction for middle grades 2-4
Boxcar Children, Hardy Boys
examples of mysteries for middle grades 2-4
Misty
example of realistic horse/dog stories for middle grades 2-4
Narnia
example of fantasy for middle grades 2-4
likes of upper grades 5-6
what friends are reading
types of books for upper grades 5-6
particular topics, biographies/heros, adventures
Civil War, horses
example of particular topics for upper grades 5-6
ball players, founding fathers, President wives
examples of biographies/heros for upper grades 5-6
Island of the Blue Dolphins, Number the Stars
examples of adventures for upper grades 5-6
600-1500s
children viewed as little adults, very little literature just for children
didacticism
how to behave and what to believe
lessons
only written literature for children
orally
how stories were shared
three men to remember from 600-1500s
Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury; Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury; and William Caxton
Aldhelm
first in England to write lessons for children--question and answer style
Anselm
wrote first encyclopedia for children
William Caxton
England's first printer; printed Book of Curteseye and Aesop's Fables
Book of Curteseye
no illustrations, book of rules for behavior
Aesop's Fables
intended for adults, 185 pics
hornbook
special school book; contained printed lessons, wooden, covered with thin cow's horn, lether strap, ABCs, phonics, religious instruction
1600s-Puritan (Colonial Period)
Bible of utmost importance, didacticism epitomized
three books of great significance during 1600s-Puritan period
Fox's Book of Martyrs, Pilgrims Progress, Divine and Moral Songs
Pilgrims Progress
John Bunyan, fantastic written sermon
Divine and Moral Songs
Isaac Watts, advice in rhyme
Orbis Pictus
John Comenius, written in Latin and German, encyclopedia, first picture book intended for children, first illustrated book (pictures are equal importance with words
Milk of Babes
John Cotton, first book published in New World for children, catechism to memorize
New England Primer
primarily school text, rhyming alphabet
1700s
Entertainment of child, cheerfulness creeps in
John Newbery
first English publisher of books for children, his books entertained and instructed
books published by Newbery
Little Pretty Pocketbook, History of Little Goody Two Shoes
Little Pretty Pocketbook
pictures of children at play
History of Little Goody Two Shoes
first book of fiction, Newbery's most popular book, 29 editions
chapbooks
inexpensive paper books, sold by "chap men," affordable, readable, no binding
Tales of Mother Goose
Charles Perrault; included Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood
Children's Classics of the 1700s
Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver's Travels, Battledores
Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe, beginning of adventure, allegory of Defoe's life
Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift
Battledores
Benjamin Collins, off-shoot of hornbook, three lief, cardboard
1800s
First Golden Age of Children's Literature
Characteristics of 1800s
quality and quantity of literature for children increases, content changes to more creative, variety and fantasy, discovered childhood
Brothers Grimm
traditional fantasy, collection of German folk tales, example: Hansel and Gretel
Hans Christian Andersen
modern fantasy tales (authored not collected), examples: The Ugly Duckling and Little Match Girl
Hans Christian Andersen Award
highest international recognition for children's literature, given to a living author or illustrator, complete works made a lasting impression
Washington Irving
traditional fantasy, first American author famous in Europe, examples: Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle
Lewis Carroll
real name: Charles Dodson, literary nonsense, examples: Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass
Edward Lear
literary nonsense, wrote and popularized limericks, example: Book of Nonsense, most famous poem: The Owl and the Pussycan
Joel Chandler Harris
wrote Uncle Remus stories, example: Brer Rabbit and Brer Fox, collected African-American storytelling tradition, mastered African-American dialect
Noah Webster
dictionary, blue-backed speller; wrote for school
McGuffey Readers
series of 6, written by Reverend William McGuffey, filled with ethics and morals, eclectic readers, wrote for school
1900s-present
Newbery and Coldecott Awards
1940-1960
second Golden Age of Children's Literature
important changes during 1940-1960
text books for subject matter, Melvil Dewey promoted libraries
Melvil Dewey
promoted libraries, first founder of American Library Association, founded first library school at Columbia
Popular authors of 1940-1960
Mark Twain, Louisa May Alcott, Rudyard Kipling
Mark Twain
wrote Tom Sawyer, adventure, celebrated bad boy along with Huck Finn, showed African-Americans have feelings
Louisa May Alcott
wrote Little Women, biographical, Jo-rebel, educated woman who wants a career, realistic character we all love
Rudyard Kipling
wrote Just So Stories, first English language writeer to receive Nobel Prize for literature, major innovator in art of short story
1960s
Didacticism in Modern Dress; most important element--realism, purpose--bilbiotherapy
Didacticism in Modern Dress
what to believe and how to behave in modern situations
bibliotherapy
providing therapy or understanding through books
problems with modern realistic fiction and bibliotherapy
wrong philosophy, realism (inappropriate language, embarassing plots, adult themes), poorly written (preachy, politically correct), questionable results
Poetry
concrete and artistic expression of the human mind in emotional and rhythmical language, verbal music, appeals more to feeling than intellect, has outstanding characteristic of rhythm and rhyme
why children lose interest in poetry
limited exposure, only related to unpleasant experience, grown-ups don't like it
characteristics of quality poetry
good rhythm, rich language (vivid word pictures, familiar expressed in new way) quality content (subject matter meaningful with emotions, theme is interesting with action or humor)
types of poetry
dramatic, narrative, lyrical, limerick, fingerplay
dramatic poetry
reveals personality of the character
narrative poetry
tells a story, examples: Pied Piper, Night Before Christmas, How the Grinch Stole Christmas
Pied Piper
by Robert Browning
Night Before Christmas
by C.C. Moore
How the Grinch Stole Christmas
by Dr. Seuss
lyrical poetry
melodic, easy to listen to, usually short, some emotion, examples: My Shadow, At the Sea, Who Has Seen the Wind
My Shadow
by Robert Louis Stevenson
At the Sea
by Robert Louis Stevenson
Who Has Seen the Wind
by Christina Rosetti
limerick poetry
nonsense verse of five lines
fingerplays
short poems with motions
order for intro to poetry
Mother Goose, A Beka Poetry, A Child's Garden of Verses, Now We are Six, Random Hose Book of Poetry
A Child's Garden of Verses
by Robert Louis Stevenson, greatest children's poet
Now We are Six
by A.A. Milne, illustrated by E. Shephard
Random House Book of Poetry
illustrated by A. Lobel
how to include poetry for enjoyment
make it available, read aloud often, choose appealing poems
aspects of appealing poems
clear, direct style (on their level); content with action or humor, appeals to both boys and girls, includes motions, encourages participation