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PCC EE 412, Mrs. Sleeth, Spring Semester

Parts of a book

setting, poing of view, characterization, plot, theme, style


when and where the story takes place

point of view

who is telling the story


the people in the book; develop naturally, real-life


design of events or series of actions; KEY element in interest


topic or main idea of the book


how the author uses language

unity of pictures and text

reflects mood and emotion of the work

action and media

two most important aspects of excellence in artwork

effective format

quality of paper, arrangement

influence of quality literature

emotional, intellectual, and spiritual

emotional influence

plot, beauty and rhythm of words

intellectual influence

people, places, ideas; gives natural verbal skills

spiritual influence

children imitate others; teaching character

worth while

appeals to all ages, standts test of time, intellectual, capturing

people centered

do the characters come to life

balanced story

love, joy, conflict, resolution

builds character

inspire love, courage, morality; right is uplifted, wrong is corrected

right example, right emphasis

two keys to reading aloud effectively

right example

the reading child is inspired by reading adult

right emphasis

reading aloud to children is the most important part of teaching the love of reading

5 benefits of reading aloud

aid in discovering quality books, enrich development of child, calm a restless group, entertainment, develop relationships

development of a child because of reading aloud

good listener, attention span, discussion of values

likes of nursery through 1st grade

simple plot, repetition, every day experiences

types of books for nursery through 1st grade

animal stories, learning books, rhyme and rhythm, simple humor

Clifford, Peter Rabbit

examples of animal books for nursery through 1st grade

Dr. Seuss, Curious George

examples of simple humor for nursery through 1st grade

likes of middle grades 2-4

series, chapter books, action/conflict

types of books for middle grades 2-4

historical fiction, mysteries, realistic horse/dog stories, fantasy

American Girl, Orphan Train

examples of historical fiction for middle grades 2-4

Boxcar Children, Hardy Boys

examples of mysteries for middle grades 2-4


example of realistic horse/dog stories for middle grades 2-4


example of fantasy for middle grades 2-4

likes of upper grades 5-6

what friends are reading

types of books for upper grades 5-6

particular topics, biographies/heros, adventures

Civil War, horses

example of particular topics for upper grades 5-6

ball players, founding fathers, President wives

examples of biographies/heros for upper grades 5-6

Island of the Blue Dolphins, Number the Stars

examples of adventures for upper grades 5-6


children viewed as little adults, very little literature just for children


how to behave and what to believe


only written literature for children


how stories were shared

three men to remember from 600-1500s

Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury; Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury; and William Caxton


first in England to write lessons for children--question and answer style


wrote first encyclopedia for children

William Caxton

England's first printer; printed Book of Curteseye and Aesop's Fables

Book of Curteseye

no illustrations, book of rules for behavior

Aesop's Fables

intended for adults, 185 pics


special school book; contained printed lessons, wooden, covered with thin cow's horn, lether strap, ABCs, phonics, religious instruction

1600s-Puritan (Colonial Period)

Bible of utmost importance, didacticism epitomized

three books of great significance during 1600s-Puritan period

Fox's Book of Martyrs, Pilgrims Progress, Divine and Moral Songs

Pilgrims Progress

John Bunyan, fantastic written sermon

Divine and Moral Songs

Isaac Watts, advice in rhyme

Orbis Pictus

John Comenius, written in Latin and German, encyclopedia, first picture book intended for children, first illustrated book (pictures are equal importance with words

Milk of Babes

John Cotton, first book published in New World for children, catechism to memorize

New England Primer

primarily school text, rhyming alphabet


Entertainment of child, cheerfulness creeps in

John Newbery

first English publisher of books for children, his books entertained and instructed

books published by Newbery

Little Pretty Pocketbook, History of Little Goody Two Shoes

Little Pretty Pocketbook

pictures of children at play

History of Little Goody Two Shoes

first book of fiction, Newbery's most popular book, 29 editions


inexpensive paper books, sold by "chap men," affordable, readable, no binding

Tales of Mother Goose

Charles Perrault; included Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood

Children's Classics of the 1700s

Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver's Travels, Battledores

Robinson Crusoe

Daniel Defoe, beginning of adventure, allegory of Defoe's life

Gulliver's Travels

Jonathan Swift


Benjamin Collins, off-shoot of hornbook, three lief, cardboard


First Golden Age of Children's Literature

Characteristics of 1800s

quality and quantity of literature for children increases, content changes to more creative, variety and fantasy, discovered childhood

Brothers Grimm

traditional fantasy, collection of German folk tales, example: Hansel and Gretel

Hans Christian Andersen

modern fantasy tales (authored not collected), examples: The Ugly Duckling and Little Match Girl

Hans Christian Andersen Award

highest international recognition for children's literature, given to a living author or illustrator, complete works made a lasting impression

Washington Irving

traditional fantasy, first American author famous in Europe, examples: Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle

Lewis Carroll

real name: Charles Dodson, literary nonsense, examples: Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass

Edward Lear

literary nonsense, wrote and popularized limericks, example: Book of Nonsense, most famous poem: The Owl and the Pussycan

Joel Chandler Harris

wrote Uncle Remus stories, example: Brer Rabbit and Brer Fox, collected African-American storytelling tradition, mastered African-American dialect

Noah Webster

dictionary, blue-backed speller; wrote for school

McGuffey Readers

series of 6, written by Reverend William McGuffey, filled with ethics and morals, eclectic readers, wrote for school


Newbery and Coldecott Awards


second Golden Age of Children's Literature

important changes during 1940-1960

text books for subject matter, Melvil Dewey promoted libraries

Melvil Dewey

promoted libraries, first founder of American Library Association, founded first library school at Columbia

Popular authors of 1940-1960

Mark Twain, Louisa May Alcott, Rudyard Kipling

Mark Twain

wrote Tom Sawyer, adventure, celebrated bad boy along with Huck Finn, showed African-Americans have feelings

Louisa May Alcott

wrote Little Women, biographical, Jo-rebel, educated woman who wants a career, realistic character we all love

Rudyard Kipling

wrote Just So Stories, first English language writeer to receive Nobel Prize for literature, major innovator in art of short story


Didacticism in Modern Dress; most important element--realism, purpose--bilbiotherapy

Didacticism in Modern Dress

what to believe and how to behave in modern situations


providing therapy or understanding through books

problems with modern realistic fiction and bibliotherapy

wrong philosophy, realism (inappropriate language, embarassing plots, adult themes), poorly written (preachy, politically correct), questionable results


concrete and artistic expression of the human mind in emotional and rhythmical language, verbal music, appeals more to feeling than intellect, has outstanding characteristic of rhythm and rhyme

why children lose interest in poetry

limited exposure, only related to unpleasant experience, grown-ups don't like it

characteristics of quality poetry

good rhythm, rich language (vivid word pictures, familiar expressed in new way) quality content (subject matter meaningful with emotions, theme is interesting with action or humor)

types of poetry

dramatic, narrative, lyrical, limerick, fingerplay

dramatic poetry

reveals personality of the character

narrative poetry

tells a story, examples: Pied Piper, Night Before Christmas, How the Grinch Stole Christmas

Pied Piper

by Robert Browning

Night Before Christmas

by C.C. Moore

How the Grinch Stole Christmas

by Dr. Seuss

lyrical poetry

melodic, easy to listen to, usually short, some emotion, examples: My Shadow, At the Sea, Who Has Seen the Wind

My Shadow

by Robert Louis Stevenson

At the Sea

by Robert Louis Stevenson

Who Has Seen the Wind

by Christina Rosetti

limerick poetry

nonsense verse of five lines


short poems with motions

order for intro to poetry

Mother Goose, A Beka Poetry, A Child's Garden of Verses, Now We are Six, Random Hose Book of Poetry

A Child's Garden of Verses

by Robert Louis Stevenson, greatest children's poet

Now We are Six

by A.A. Milne, illustrated by E. Shephard

Random House Book of Poetry

illustrated by A. Lobel

how to include poetry for enjoyment

make it available, read aloud often, choose appealing poems

aspects of appealing poems

clear, direct style (on their level); content with action or humor, appeals to both boys and girls, includes motions, encourages participation

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