1. The frontal lobe- lies immediately behind the frontal bone, superior to the eyes. It is concerned with cognition (thought) and other higher mental processes, speech, and motor control.
2. Parietal lobe- forms the uppermost part of the brain and underlies the parietal bone. It is a primary site for receiving and interpreting signals of the general senses and some visual processing.
3. The occipital lobe- at the rear of the head, and underlying the occipital bone. It is the principal visual center of the brain.
4. The temporal lobe- is a lateral, horizontal lobe deep to the temporal bone, separated from the parietal lobe above it by a deep lateral sulcus. Its functions are hearing, smell, learning, memory, and some aspects of vision and emotion.
5. The insula is a small mass of cortex deep to the lateral sulcus, made visible only by retracting or cutting away some of the overlying cerebrum. Plays roles in taste, visceral sensation, and understanding spoken language.
"Oh, once one takes the anatomy final, very good vacation ahead."
Olfactory (I) smell
Optic (II) vision
Oculomotor (III) eye movements (opening eyelid, focusing)
trochlear (IV) eye movements
trigeminal (V) touch, temp, pain
abducens (VI) lateral eye movement
facial (VII) controls facial expressions
vestibulocochlear (VIII) hearing and equilibrium
glossopharyngeal (IX) salivation, pressure, touch
vagus (X) swallowing, speech, hunger, fullness
accessory (XI) head, neck and shoulder movements
hypoglossal (XII) tongue movements
Cranial nerves are traditionally classified as sensory (I, II, and VIII), motor (III, IV, VI, XI, and XII) or mixed (V, VII, IX, and X).