Terms in this set (35)
Which of the following is NOT one of the goals of contemporary sentencing?
Which of the following is a model of criminal justice punishment that encourages rehabilitation through the use of general relatively unspecific sentences?
The examination of a convicted offender's background prior to sentencing that is generally conducted by probation or parole officials is called the:
Which one of the following is NOT a traditional sentencing option?
The opposite of mitigating circumstances in sentencing is:
In 2004 the Crime Victims' Rights Act established rights for victims:
Of federal crimes.
Which one of the following is NOT a rationale in opposing the death penalty?
The death penalty causes too many appeals and clogs the court system
What is the primary sentencing tool of the just deserts model?
Proportionality means that:
There should be a direct relationship between the severity of the sanctions and the seriousness of the crime.
Which term refers to the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood that an offender will commit future offenses
Which of the following directs the person detaining a prisoner to bring him or her before a judicial officer to determine the lawfulness of the imprisonment?
Writ of habeas corpus
A sentence of 8 to 25 years is an example of a(n):
Which refers to the use of court-ordered community service, home detention, day reporting, drug treatment, psychological counseling, victim-offender programming, or intensive supervision in lieu of other more traditional sanctions, such as imprisonment and fines?
Which amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment?
A victim impact statement is:
Usually a written document describing the suffering and trauma experienced by the crime victim used before sentencing.
Which 2013 U.S. Supreme Court case ruled that any fact that increases the mandatory minimum sentence is an "element" that must be submitted to the jury?
Alleyne v. U.S.
In 2013, which state became the third state to adopt racial impact legislation to study and prepare impact statements for proposed changes in sentencing, probation, and parole?
A goal of criminal sentencing that seeks to prevent a particular offender from engaging in repeat criminality is known as:
Which country routinely executes more people than the rest of the world combined?
Which is a type of sentencing plan that allows no leeway in the imposing of the sentence for a person convicted of a crime?
A capital offense is punishable by death.T/F?
Fines are one of the oldest criminal sanctions and are widely used. T/F?
Victim impact statements generally have a profound impact on the sentence that a defendant receives. T/F?
The restorative justice principle is a goal of sentencing that seeks to make the victim "whole again." T/F?
Plea bargaining plays a major role in the state court system, but not in the federal system. T/F?
A continuing goal of victims' advocacy groups is an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. T/F?
Life without parole is the most extreme sentence a convicted felon can receive in any court. T/F?
Incapacitation is defined as the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator. T/F?
Rehabilitation seeks to reform a criminal offender and change their behavior. T/F?
Good time is the amount of time deducted from time to be served in prison on a given sentence as a consequence of participation in special projects or programs. T/F?
Social debt is a sentencing principle that holds that an offender's criminal history should objectively be taken into account in sentencing decisions.T/F?
Justice reinvestment is a concept that prioritizes the use of alternatives to incarceration for persons convicted of eligible nonviolent offenses, standardizes the use of risk assessment instruments in pretrial detention, and authorizes the use of early-release mechanisms for prisoners who meet eligibility requirements.T/F?
The NVCAP organization seeks to gain tougher sentences for convicted child molesters.T/F?
Many states today have statutory provisions that provide for a sentence of capital punishment for especially repugnant crimes known as capital offenses.T/F?
Arbitrariness is one of the reasons used to try to abolish capital punishment. T/F?