Elements of Drama
Terms in this set (20)
The frame that directs attention to what is most significant and intensifies the dramatic meaning
The force that engages the performers and audience in the dramatic action
The personal and general space used by the actors. It focuses on the meaning of the size and shape of distances between actor and actor, actor and objects (props and sets) and actor and audience.
The atmosphere created. Mood concentrates the dramatic action and moves the audience in emotionally appropriate directions.
The use of difference to create dramatic meaning.
Contrast is an effective means to emphasise, heighten or intensify. Contrasting colours stand out on the stage. Contrasting sizes, shapes and sounds draw attention.
The use of objects, gestures or persons to represent meaning beyond the literal.
Every culture has developed an elaborate series of signals where objects are endowed with meaning. It is possible to signal complex ideas through commonly recognised symbols.
Embracing a role involves representing a point of view and identifying with a particular set of values and attitudes.
Characterisation is the process of developing from a role to build a complex personality and background for a particular character.
Refers to the period in which the dramatic action can occur.
All dramatic action occurs at a time and place.
Different settings dictate other characters that might be introduced, certain settings will intensify the action, multiple locations can enable us to explore many aspects of the situation, while the use of contrasting settings can help to build the dramatic tension.
Refers to the circumstances the characters are in. Characters and their relationships are shaped by the situation. Is created by the intentions or motivations of the characters.
The use of language in performance can be verbal, vocal or non-verbal.
Expresses action and, like language, is dictated by situations, roles and relationships. It can be realistic or abstract.
Fundamental to the pacing of the dramatic action. The tempo, which refers to the management of time in a broad sense, is often punctuated by the moment. The precise use of time from one moment to the next is called timing. It is an integral factor in building dramatic tension.
The manipulation of timing through pace and tempo.
'No conflict, no drama' -George Bernard Shaw.
Drama that lacks conflict is normally dull and uninspiring. As a rule, conflict should always be considered an essential ingredient for all dramatic performances. Conflict can be between two or more characters, or simply one (inner conflict)
The framework through which the content of the drama is presented.
The aural devices used to enhance a performance.
In drama, we are the creators. The elements are the bones which make up the entire body of dramatic action.
The ultimate purpose for all the elements of drama.