Create an account
people will weigh the pros and cons of a situation, if the pros outweigh the cons then they'll do the action; rational choice
(Chicago School) Human Ecology
(how do humans interact with their environment?)
(three ideas looked at:)
1. physical characteristics of neighborhood
2. economic characteristics
3. social demographics (race and ethnicity)
(Chicago School) Symbolic Interaction
- a person will act the way that they think others think that they should act
- social learning (you learn how to commit a crime based on who you hang out with)
you become a criminal because of a gap between societal goals and your ability to gain those goals; if you dont have the means to get what you want, you may use criminal methods to gain those goals
(Strain Theory) General Strain Theory
strain causes anger, and with that anger you try to get back at the 'system' which is why you then perform crimes
- asks why an individual doesn't commit a crime
- because of social bonds, belief in the moral authority of the law, self control theory - people with low/no self control
after a person is convicted of a crime and labeled a criminal, they internalize what that label is and accept that label as who they are
capitalism creates more crime; when there is a demand, no matter what it is, there will be someone to supply for that demand
Routine Activities Theory
crime is going to occur when 3 things come together:
1. motivated offender
2. suitable target
3. lack of a capable guardian
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together