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Joints of the Axial Skeleton
From top down
What is the structural & functional classification of coronal sutures?
Fibrous, synarthrotic fused by 2
What is the axial skeleton?
skull, spine, sternum, ribs
What is the structural & functional classifiation of the temporomandibular Joint TMJ?
What is the functional classification of the temporomendibular joint & what type of joint is it?
Biaxial condyloid hinge
What kind of movement is found in the temporomandibular joint?
up down back & forth, depression/elevation, protraction/retraction & lateral deviation
Of what does the temporomandibular joint consist?
Intrarticular disc, capsule, laterial lig, medial lig
Of what, and how many, does the spinal column consist?
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumber
Of what does the vertebra of the spinal column consist?
Intervertebral dics w/nucleus, annulus fibrosis, fibrocartilage,
What is the function of the intervertebral disc of the spine?
25% height & carry 80% of the weight above it
What is the name, the structural & functional classification of the 1st vertebra of the spinal column?
Atlanto-Occipital, synovial, biaxial condyloid, diarthroic
What kind of movement can be found in the atlanto-occipital joint?
Flexion, extension, & laterial flexion
What is the name, the structural & functional classification of the 2nd joint of the spinal column?
Atlanto-axial, synovial, uniaxial pivot, diathroic
What movement is found in the 2nd joint of the spinal column that is known as the atlanto-axial joint?
What is the name, the structural & functional classification of the vertebra of the spine?
Facet, synovial, non-axial plane joints, diathrotic
What type of movement can be found in the vertebra of the spinal column?
Flexion/Extension, lateral flexion, R/L rotation, gliding in all 3 planes
What is aids support to the thorocolumbar spine & where is its location?
Thoracolumber fascia, process of T12 to the spine of the sacrum, posterior lateral hip bone
What is the additional support of the thorocolumbar spine & where is its location?
Abdominal Aponeurosis, runs below the sternum to the symphysis pubis, anterior to the superior hip bone
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