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25 terms

Chapter 7 Vocabulary--Ethnicity

Rubenstein and Fellman
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apartheid
laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
balkanization
process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
blockbusting
a process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
centripetal force
an attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
centrifugal force
any force that causes an object to move away from the center/a force that divides people and countries
ethnicity
identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
ethnic cleansing
process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
genocide
the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.
multi-ethnic state
a state that contains more than one ethnicity
nationalism
loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.
nationality
identification with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
nation-state
a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
part nation-state
a single nation dispersed across and predominant in two or or states (an example is the Arab nation, which dominates 17 states)
race
identification with a group of people descended from a common ancestor
racism
belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
self-determination
the concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
white flight
the emigration of whites from an area in anticipation of blacks immigrating into the area
multinational state
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
indigenous people
Original inhabitants of an area--sometimes called "tribal people", "first people," or "native people." They actually have a special status in international or national legislation as having a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular territory, and their cultural or historical distinctiveness from other populations.
Balkanized
A small geographic area that cannot successfully be organized into stable countries because it is inhabited by many ethnicites with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
Ethnic enclave
A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area.
Ethnoburb
A suburban area with a cluster of a particular ethnic population.
Racist
A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular Slave Trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean Islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade good from Europe to Africa.