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U.S. History: Ch 9 The Progressive Era
Terms in this set (34)
Major reform effort centered in urban areas in the early 1900s. Progressives wanted to give people more voice in government, increase economic opportunities, and correcting injustices in American life including poverty, crime, labor abuse, education. The Progressive Movement was a reaction to the problems brought on by modernization and industrialization in the late 1800s.
Progressive reformer and advocate for improving the lives of women and children. Helped pass laws to limit child labor and limit women's working hours.
Between 1915-1920 alcohol abuse caused many social problems including family violence, unemployment, and poverty. The movement to ban alcohol consumption is an example of Progressive efforts to deal with social problems.
Progressive Era journalists published stories that brought public attention to problems and exposed corruption and injustices. They are an example of how the media has helped bring about change.
Studying and testing different work methods to identify the best, most efficient way to complete a job. Progressive reformers wanted to apply this method to improve government and solve problems like poverty and crime in society
Robert M. LaFollette
An example of progressive reform movements in the states. The governor of Wisconsin took power away from railroad and lumber companies, regulated public utilities, and pushed for progressive reforms at the state level.
permits voters (citizens) to put legislative measures directly on the ballot, gives more political power to the people and expands democracy
people vote directly on a bill, gives more political power to citizens
gives citizens the power to remove an elected official from office and increases the power
Provided for the direct election of senators. This law was intended to and give the voters more voice in government.
(NACW) National Association of Colored Women
founded in 1896 to improve living and working conditions for African-American women
the right to vote
(NAWSA) National American Woman Suffrage Association
founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote
Our first "modern" president who believed in an active federal government. Worked to break up abusive monopolies (trustbuster), supported union workers in the coal strike of 1902, set aside public lands, and helped build the Panama Canal. He created the Bull Moose Platform and ran for president on a third party ticket in 1912.
TheodoreRoosevelt's domestic polcity that promoted cooperation between capital, labor, and the public. It called for control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources. It denounced special treatment for the large capitalists and was the essential element to his trust-busting attitude. The program promoted the idea that big businesses must serve the general public good. Businesses and monopolies that abused their power should be broken up="trust busting"
Muckraker whose book led to the first laws to protect consumer safety, the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. He shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. He is an example of the role the media has played in bringing about change.
This work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry and led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act--some of the earliest consumer protection laws.
Meat Inspection Act
1906 law which created federal regulations for meatpacking plants and established a system of federal inspection in the food industry to protect consumers. It is an example of the growing power of the federal government and regulation of industry.
NAACP National Association of Colored People
Organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism, and to gain civil rights for African Americans
William Howard Taft
27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Theordore Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
Payne Aldrich Tariff
Tax on imports passed by Congress in 1909; the original bill was an attempt to reduce the tax, but in the final version kept taxes high on most imports. An example of the federal government trying to regulate the economy, protect American industry and regulate international trade
head of the U.S. Forest Service under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them.
Bull Moose Party
nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Theodore Roosevelt in the election of 1912
28th president of the United States, known for his leadership during World War I. He supported the creation of the Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, and a progressive income tax. He suported lower tariffs, women's suffrage. After WWI he pushed for the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles and US membership in the League of Nations to create lasting world peace. The US never joined the League of Nation. He won the Nobel Peace Prize
Clayton Antitrust Act
(1914) law that declared monopolies illegal. It also gave more power to workers by legalizing strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing. This law is an example of government action to limit the power of big businesses and monopolies and protect laborers from abuses in the workplace
Federal Trade Commission
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and maintain a competitive economy.
Federal Reserve System (1913)
The country's central banking system, which is responsible for the nation's monetary policy by regulating the supply of money and interest rates. It is an example of action by the federal government to regulate the American economy.
Carrie Chapman Catt
(1859-1947) A suffragette who was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association, and founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Instrumental in obtaining passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
(1920) Gave women the right to vote and expanded voting rights in the United States.
Allows the federal government to collect income tax. The income tax replaced tariffs as a source of money for the federal government. (1913)
Three Progressive Presidents
Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs. Around 1900, the American people began to demand more government regulation of businesses to limit the power and abuses of monopolies. Examples include anti-trust laws, food inspection laws, labor laws,...)
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages (1919)
Four Progressive Era Amendments
16th, 17th, 18th , 19th were ratified to give people more voice in government, regulate the economy, establish an income tax, and solve social problems.
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