Chapter 5 Section 1 honors world history: Spain's Empire and European Absolutism
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Terms in this set (8)
Cause: The gold and silver coming from its vast empire made made Spain incredibly wealthy. Effect?
Effect: Spain built a powerful army and navy, and its monarchs and nobles became patrons of artists, leading to a golden age in arts.
Effect: Spain Suffered from severe inflation. Cause?
Cause: As the population grew, people demanded more food and other goods, so merchants were able to raise prices. As silver bullion flooded the market, its value dropped and it took more to buy anything.
Effect: The Spanish economy declined and at times it was bankrupt. Cause?
Cause: Severe inflation, lack of middle class, outdated manufacturing methods, and high cost of wars.
Cause: Philip raised taxes in the Netherlands and tried to crush Protestantism. Effect?
The Dutch rebelled and united and declared independence from Spain
Effect: The Dutch became wealthy from trade and banking. Cause?
Cause: Stable government, strong middle class, large naval fleet, mighty trading empire.
Effect: European monarchs became increasingly more powerful. Cause?
Cause: Decline of feudalism, rise of cities, creation of middle class, and growth of national kingdoms.
How was Philip II an example of an absolute monarch?
Philip II raised taxes in the Netherlands and took steps to crush Protestantism. He also sent an army under the Spanish Duke of Alva to punish the protestant rebels. On a single day in 1568 the duke executed 1500 protestants and suspected rebels
What is an abosolute monarch?
A King or Queen who had all power within their states' boundaries.