74 terms

HI 102-4 Test 2

A time of dramatic changes in ag, industry, and technology-result of spiritual revivals in 18th century
Industrial Revolution
period of great progress from 1760-1900 in Europe and America
Age of Industry
Age of Industry
growing just enough food to feed own families
subsistence farming
most critical material factor in determining how far a nation may advance
mastery of the food supply
the way of life based on biblical teaching that God expects all men to work and that all work is a noble duty to be performed toward God
Protestant work ethic
invented by Jethro Tull
seed drill
invented by John Deere
steel plow
invented by Cyrus McCormick
Reaper and thresher joined in one machine
work done in small private shops
domestic system
people employed to produce manufactured goods in a systematic way for wages
factory system
wages as compared to the cost of living
real wages
where the Industrial Revolution began
England's textile factories
invented the flying shuttle
John Kay
invented the spinning jenny
James Hargreaves
invented spinning frame
Richard Arkwright
invented spinning mule
Samuel Crompton
invented power loom
Edmund Cartwright
movement that began when farmer enclosed land with fences in order to raise sheep
Enclosure Movement
invented the cotton gin; made cotton inexpensive
Eli Whitney
invented miner's safety lamp
Sir Humphry Davy
an inexpensive process for converting iron into steel by using currents of air
Henry Bessemer
discovered the same process as the bessemer process
William Kelly
connected Lake Erie to the Hudson River
Erie Canal
joined the Med Sea and the Indian Ocean
Suez Canal
long, lean sailing vessels known for their tremendous speed on the high seas
clipper ships
surpassed clipper ships
built first practical steamship, the Clermont
Robert Fulton
built the first practical steam powered locomotive
George Stephenson
invented the internal combustion engine
Gottlieb Daimler
invented the diesel engine
Rudolf Diesel
began cars in Germany
Karl Benz
began cars in US
Henry Ford
invented the electric telegraph
Samuel Morse
laid first successful transatlantic telegraph cable
Cyrus Fields
invented telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
invented wireless telegraph
Guglielmo Marconi
proposed atomic theory
John Dalton
discovered relationship between electricity and magnetism
Michael Faraday
helped formulate laws of thermodynamics and introduced absolute temp scale
Lord Kelvin
explained electrical force; wave theory
James Clerk Maxwell
experimented with radioactivity and discovered two new elements
Pierre and Marie Curie
developed the first vaccine; smallpox vaccine
Edward Jenner
developed germ theory
Louis Pasteur
every infectious disease is caused by a specific germ
germ theory of disease
introduced antiseptics
Joseph Lister
greatest inventor in history
Thomas Edison
Edison's most famous invention
incandescent electric light bulb
total output of goods and services of America
Gross National Product
private ownership of means of production; free market
leaves the individual to make something of himself if he has the enterprise to do it
free enterprise
defeated Spain in the Spanish American War
joined Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean
Panama Canal
Fat Cat in oil industry
John D. Rockefeller
Fat Cat in steel industry
Andrew Carnegie
Fat Cat in banking industry
JP Morgan
comes from two Greek words meaning "love of mankind"
supported of capitalism
Adam Smith
trade without government interference
free trade
published Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith
year of Wealth of Nations publishing
government controlled trade
Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin
Edward Jenner develops the first vaccine
Cyrus McCormick invents mechanical reaper
Marconi invents wireless telegraph
Reform Bill grants suffrage to all middle class males
Slavery abolished about British Empire
Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
British North America Act makes Canada a self-governing commonwealth
Suez Canal completed
Fabien Society Formed
Bell created the telephone